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Geography

Grade 4

Food production in south africa

Module 21

Commercial and subsistence farming

Commercial and subsistence farming

A

B

Activity 1

To compare sketches illustrating two farms with regard to given criteria [lo 1.6]

Sketch A Sketch B
Buildings
Implements
Farming methods
Cultivated products

In sketch A the people living on the land farm to meet their own needs only. They usually do not need a large piece of land. They only produce enough food for their own use. They sometimes have food left to exchange or sell to supply in the need of other people. A variety of crops is planted, and they also provide their own meat, eggs and milk. The farmer and his family do all the work themselves as they do not make a profit from farming and can therefore not pay wages. This kind of farmer is known as a subsistence farmer .

The farmer in sketch B farms with one main crop, namely maize. He produces large quantities that he sells at a profit. He is able to live on the money for a long time and can also buy seed for the next harvest. He does not produce his crop for his own use and therefore buys the food he wants to eat. These farmers are known as commercial farmers and their motive for farming is the profit they can make.

Activity 2

To plan your own subsistence farming [lo 1.7]

Make a list of the basic foods that you need for survival.

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You are now a subsistence farmer. Suppose that you have been given a piece of land of approximately 5 000 square metres (70 x 70 metres or half a hectare) in the southern Cape where the soil is very fertile. There is a farmhouse with all necessary services, a dam, a permanent river and fencing on the land. Remember what the basic foodstuffs that you need for survival are and start planning your farming activities. Draw a plan (map) with a key to show what your farm will look like from the air.

Assessment

Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.6 uses information from sources (including own observations) to answer questions about people and places (e.g. “Why is it like that?”) [answers the question];

1.7 uses geographical and environmental concepts and terms to report on enquiries in different ways (e.g. writing a paragraph, using a poster, artwork).

Memorandum

Sketch A Sketch B
Buildings Small house Farm homestead and garageBarnSilos
Implements Hand ploughHorsePounding block TractorsPlough-shares
Farming methods With manual labourFew labourersSmall scaleSupplies in own needs MechanicalMany labourersLarge scale
Cultivated products Something of everything according to own needs Focussed on selected crops

Milk

Bread

Butter

Vegetables

Meat

Eggs

Make provision for:

Cattle

Sheep

Chickens

Wheat

Maize

Vegetables

Questions & Answers

explain why Nigeria adopted labour intensive techniques to capital intensive techniques
Terdoo Reply
meaning of monopolystic competetion?
Jethail Reply
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Nonso
yes.
Nurudeen
what is economic integration
Mohamed Reply
why does it makes sense to let the sewage disposal company in your town have a monopoly?
Janice Reply
how might a monopoly affect price?
Janice
how might a monopoly affect prices?
Janice
The principle of Economic is one to be involved in any economic buying substance
Anastassiya Reply
reason of corporation
Mohamed
What is economic integration
Mohamed
what are the principle of economics?
oche Reply
What is (Qs)
Bigi Reply
What is (Qs) and (Qd)
Bigi
Quantity of supply and Quantity of demand
Dilshoda
Qs: Is quantity of supply and Qd: quantity of demand
Cabdikariim
give as me quantitys
ahmed
among all the definition of economics which of the definition is generally acceptable?
oche
i science that studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarcity that have alternative uses
ousman
okay......
oche
what are the principle of economics?
oche
what Make things scarce
Soudani Reply
why do we studied economic
Soudani
for the stability and growth of any reign.
Fayaz
what is macro economics.?
Fayaz
which part of economics is interesting..
Fayaz
what is economic integration
Mohamed
can somebody defined economic stability
kevelling
macroeconomic is the part of economic that deals the as whole or as a nations.
Cabdikariim
wow
kevelling
so what is national economic
kevelling
national economic is whole economy of your country
RAJESH
what is the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics
oche
what's cardinal utility theory
DIVINE
Hello
Tarasum
what is economic development?
Tarasum
how does economics define me
clement Reply
what are the factors that determines the demand and supply
sillah
what are the importance of Economics
Betty Reply
tell me something very important about economics..
Fayaz Reply
how may I solve arithmetic mean ,,,all example
Cee Reply
what is agriculture
Itoe Reply
simple method of understanding cost concept
Oludare Reply
what is inflation
Christiana Reply
Inflation is a general increase in price levels
Zuko
is the action of inflating something
Abdifatah
inflation is the persistent increase in general price level of goods and services in an economy over a considerable period of time .
Tetteh
inflation is the general increase of a commodity in a particular period of time.
Turay
inflation is a general increase in price levels of commodities
shehu
what are the types of inflation?
Ebrima
inflation is the period of persistent rise in the general level of the price of goods services over time
Emmanuel
we have creeping inflation, demand pull inflation ,cost push inflation, and galloping inflation .
Emmanuel
I s Nigeria in any kind of in inflation? If yes which kind?
Martins
please can someone help me with the principles of economic?
Jonathan
and u
ahmed
no discassion just question
Aliraza
what is science and art economic
Sadanu
Difference between extinct and extici spicies
Amanpreet Reply
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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