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Social sciences

History

Grade 9

Current affairs

Module 15

Children and aids in africa

Activity 1:

Children in africa

[lo 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.2, 2.4, 3.2, 3.3]

The learner will be able to apply research skills, demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history by making use of correspondences and differences: CHILDREN IN AFRICA

  • Study the sources provided below and answer the questions that follow.

SOURCE A :

Comments on Aids

If action is not taken immediately, more people will have died on account of Aids by 2010 than in all the wars of the twentieth century

Translated from information published in: Rapport , 16 July 2000

SOURCE B:

Aids in Africa

According to a report published in London by the organisation, Christian Aid, approximately 12 million children in Africa have been orphaned on account of Aids.

Translated from: Die Burger , NuusOorsig, 19 May 2001

SOURCE C:

Aids orphans in Southern Africa

Conservative estimates have in the meantime indicated that there will be 600 000 so-called Aids orphans in Zimbabwe within six years. Homes for orphans have already reached maximum accommodation levels.

Translated from: Die Burger, 19 November 1993.

SOURCE D:

Extract from the South African Constitution

CHARTER OF HUMAN RIGHTS

HUMAN DIGNITY

Everyone has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected.

CHILDREN

May not be detained, except as a measure of last resort, in which case, in addition to the rights a child enjoys under sections 12 and 35, the child may be detained only for the shortest appropriate period of time, and [such a child] has the right to be –

Kept separately from detained persons over the age of 18 years; and

Treated in a manner, and kept in conditions that take account of the child's age;

[Have the right] to have a legal practitioner assigned to the child by the state and at state expense…;

[Have the right] not to be used directly in armed conflict; and to be protected in times of armed conflict;

[Have the right]

- to family care or parental care, or

- to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment;

- to be allowed contact with parents,

- a chosen religious counsellor and

- a chosen medical practitioner.

SOURCE E:

Children used as soldiers in Sierra Leone

During the past decade the warring parties in Sierra Leone have all made use of children as young as 12 years of age and older to wage war. Thousands of children have also been kidnapped by the Revolutionary United Front and kept in the bush to be used as soldiers and enslaved workers. Some children have lived in the bush for up to six years and have also taken part in horrifying war crimes like the amputation of the limbs of prisoners, etc.

A Rafaello Ciriello: Post Cards from Hell (www.ciriello.com)

SOURCE F:

CHILDREN IN SIERRA LEONE: Young, Armed and Dangerous

Freetown - Since the Military Junta took over the reigns of office in May, hundreds of child soldiers have fled from the camps where they were held. These children are back on the streets, armed with AK 47 rifles and grenade launchers. It is a common sight again to see children patrolling the streets in cities like Freetown. This evokes the fear that the children could again be drawn into the conflict.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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