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The occasions of women speaking were generally an outgrowth of their missionary work: a foreign missionary giving a field report, a missionary-society leader making an appeal for a collection, or a woman repeating for the whole church a successful paper she had given at a meeting of the missionary society. The reputation of women orators like Mary Hill Davis drew males to the annual meetings of Woman's Missionary Union in order to hear her presidential addresses. Young people's unions and temperance gatherings provided other forums where women could make talks of a spiritual nature to men as well as women.

Gradually there emerged a special niche for female speakers that seemed safely distinct from the pastors' role. The first definition of these public presentations was made concerning the work of women missionaries—they were to focus their evangelizing efforts on other women and children. Concern that women speakers maintain that boundary was less when they were in foreign or remote territories than it became when city missionaries, or

Bible women,
were appointed to serve on the home front. Then it was made quite explicit that while these women taught the Bible, sometimes to large groups at once, their audiences would be limited to women and children and gathered in homes, industrial schools, or mission stations (not church auditoriums). Again and again women guaranteed that Bible women did
gospel work of every description—except preaching. These women do not preach. They do not want to preach. The brethren need not be alarmed. They are only trying to fill every womanly calling. . . .Their work is among the women and children altogether.
BS , August 22, 1895, p. 7; see also BS , November 1, 1894, p. 2 and BS , October 3, 1895, p. 7.

Another distinction was that one made between

teaching
and
preaching.
Content was not the distinguishing variable between these two; rather, it was the person and, sometimes, the place that made the difference. Preaching was done by men who had been
called
and ordained, usually within the setting of a designated worship service and often from a pulpit. When women quoted from and explained the Bible, talked about Jesus, and appealed to their listeners to respond by accepting salvation and exemplifying Christ, they were
teaching
or
giving a Bible talk
or
delivering an address,
but never preaching. Examples of women speaking from the pulpit in the main sanctuary of a large church are rare; a Woman's Missionary Union anniversary service, such as the Jubilate of 1913 held at the First Baptist Church, Dallas, Texas, provided such an occasion. The difference bespoke some artificiality, as was voiced by one who asked why it was permissible for women to teach classes that included men and speak at meetings of associations and conventions, yet not preach or conduct the church prayer meetings. BS , August 3, 1916, p. 25. Part of the answer lay in labeling the activity
teaching
; another part lay in separating
formal
and
informal
assemblies of the church.

The setting apart of some church gatherings as

formal
and limiting the participation of women in them was a legalistic device employed to maintain an elite province for males, fulfilling their desires both to maintain power for its own sake and to conform to the biblical pattern of male leadership. The practice did not have New Testament precedents nor did it harmonize with Baptist doctrine of the nature of the church, but it satisfied a legalistic imperative of sexual hierarchy within the church. Regularly scheduled worship services were usually thought of as formal; the Sunday-morning service, the most formal. Designation was the crucial factor, however; the group assembled on Sunday morning for worship might call for a
dismissal prayer,
following which the same group in the same place would become an informal assembly and a woman could make an address. Or she might speak prior to the call to worship. On the occasion of Miss Everett's missionary appeal, mentioned above, she was speaking to a Sunday-morning worship crowd assembled in the church yard rather than the building. Based on the formal/informal scheme, women were gradually allowed to speak freely at church business meetings, at young people's groups, and at worship services held in conjunction with encampments or training unions, to teach adult Sunday-school classes, give papers at association gatherings, and offer prayers at prayer meetings. There were even occasions when women addressed the Sunday-morning worship hour; e.g., in 1916 the Plainview church honored "Mother R. T. Jones" on her seventieth anniversary as a Baptist, and she responded with a
paper
that quoted scripture, gave her testimony, and pled with the unsaved. BS , July 20, 1916, p. 22. Reports and appeals from women missionaries were occasionally heard at that hour, as well.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Patricia martin thesis. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11572/1.2
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