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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 35

To use a dictionary to develop vocabulary

Activity 1:

To use a dictionary to develop vocabulary

[lo 3.8.2]

We are going to continue focusing on vocabulary and alphabetical order, but now we are going to have a look at one place where alphabetical order is used a great deal – the dictionary. Your educator may divide you into groups or partners for this activity, depending on the availability of dictionaries. Be sure to work carefully – read and copy carefully and write neatly at all times.

1. Look up the word alphabet in a dictionary and give it’s meaning.

2. Write down the word before ‘alphabet’ and the word after ‘alphabet’ in the dictionary, with their meanings.

3. Next to the word ‘alphabet’, there is a letter that looks like this: n . This indicates to us that the word ‘alphabet’ is a NOUN. Look carefully on the page and find other words that have the noun symbol next to them. Write them down.

4. Which letter in the English language is ALWAYS followed by the letter U ?

Turn to this letter in your dictionary. There are not many words that start with this letter, so you will find that there are only a few pages for this letter in your dictionary. List some examples of words, starting with this letter, that you have not heard of before, and write their meanings next to them. (Do not use words starting with the letters quad - or quin -) Try and find some long and some short words. Once you have found your examples, your educator will ask you to share your new words with the class so that everybody can learn some new vocabulary.

5. Now look at the words that start with the letters quad -. There are many to choose from. Find four words that start with quad - and write them down with their meanings.

Have you figured out what the prefix quad - means?

6. Now look at the words that start with the letters quin -. There are many to choose from. Find four words that start with quin - and write them down, with their meanings.

Have you figured out what the prefix quin - means?

7. Let us practise looking up words in the dictionary. Find the meanings of the following words and write the definition next to each one. If you are sharing a dictionary, be sure to take turns to look up the words so that everybody has a turn.









Criteria 1 2 3 4
Attention to detail Poor Fair Good Excellent
Ability to look up words correctly Poor In some contexts only Good, few errors Extremely good. No errors
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation. Great care taken

Well done – that was a worthwhile exercise! Let us move onto another fun activity.

The focus of this activity is dictionary work.. Learners are required to make use of a dictionary to look up words and their meanings. It would be ideal to have one dictionary between two learners, but if this is not possible, learners can be divided into groups and will have to share the dictionaries. Should there be only one dictionary available, one group can use it while the others carry on with another task. Read through the activity with the whole class and point out what they will be assessed on, by looking at the rubric.

The following answers, taken from the Concise Oxford English Dictionary, should help you.


LO 3
READING AND VIEWING The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.7 reads for pleasure:
3.7.1 reads much fiction and non-fiction at an appropriate reading and language level;
3.8 uses reference books and develops vocabulary:
3.8.2 uses a dictionary;
3.8.3 demonstrates a reading vocabulary of bewteen 3 000 and 5 000 common words.


  1. Alphabet : set of letters used in a language
  2. alpha : first Greek letter ; alphanumeric: containing both alphabetic and numerical symbols
  3. Alsace, Alsatian, alsike, alter, altazimuth, althorn, altruism, alum, aluminium, alumina, alveolus
  4. The letter Q is always followed by the letter U.
  5. The following words are some examples that you may use if you do not have access to a dictionary at all:
    • Quaff : drink deeply
    • Quag : marshy or boggy spot
    • Quagga : extinct SA quadruped related to ass and zebra
    • Qualm : momentary faint or sick feeling
    • Quandary : state of perplexity
    • Querulous : complaining, peevish
    • Quiddity : essence of a person or thing
    • Quotidian : daily, of every day
    • Quoin : external angle of building
  1. Some examples for you to choose from:
  • Quadragenarian : person from 40 to 49 years old.
  • Quadrangle : four-cornered figure
  • Quadrant : quarter of circle’s circumference
  • Quadratic : square
  • Quadrillion : a million raised to the power of four
  • Quadruped : four-footed animal
  • Quadruple : fourfold
  • Quadruplet : four children born at the same time

Quad- means “four”

  1. Some examples for you to choose form:
  • Quinary : of the number five
  • Quinate : having five leaflets
  • Quincentenary : the five-hundredth anniversary
  • Quinquagenarian : person from 50 to 59 years old
  • Quinquennial : lasting, recurring every five years
  • Quint: sequence of five cards of same suit
  • Quintette : composition for five voices or instruments
  • Quintillion : a million raised to the fifth power

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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