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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 35

To use a dictionary to develop vocabulary

Activity 1:

To use a dictionary to develop vocabulary

[lo 3.8.2]

We are going to continue focusing on vocabulary and alphabetical order, but now we are going to have a look at one place where alphabetical order is used a great deal – the dictionary. Your educator may divide you into groups or partners for this activity, depending on the availability of dictionaries. Be sure to work carefully – read and copy carefully and write neatly at all times.

1. Look up the word alphabet in a dictionary and give it’s meaning.

2. Write down the word before ‘alphabet’ and the word after ‘alphabet’ in the dictionary, with their meanings.

3. Next to the word ‘alphabet’, there is a letter that looks like this: n . This indicates to us that the word ‘alphabet’ is a NOUN. Look carefully on the page and find other words that have the noun symbol next to them. Write them down.

4. Which letter in the English language is ALWAYS followed by the letter U ?

Turn to this letter in your dictionary. There are not many words that start with this letter, so you will find that there are only a few pages for this letter in your dictionary. List some examples of words, starting with this letter, that you have not heard of before, and write their meanings next to them. (Do not use words starting with the letters quad - or quin -) Try and find some long and some short words. Once you have found your examples, your educator will ask you to share your new words with the class so that everybody can learn some new vocabulary.

5. Now look at the words that start with the letters quad -. There are many to choose from. Find four words that start with quad - and write them down with their meanings.

Have you figured out what the prefix quad - means?

6. Now look at the words that start with the letters quin -. There are many to choose from. Find four words that start with quin - and write them down, with their meanings.

Have you figured out what the prefix quin - means?

7. Let us practise looking up words in the dictionary. Find the meanings of the following words and write the definition next to each one. If you are sharing a dictionary, be sure to take turns to look up the words so that everybody has a turn.

Relationship:

Friends:

Surname:

Family:

Personality:

Individual:

Opinion:

Autobiography:

Criteria 1 2 3 4
Attention to detail Poor Fair Good Excellent
Ability to look up words correctly Poor In some contexts only Good, few errors Extremely good. No errors
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation. Great care taken

Well done – that was a worthwhile exercise! Let us move onto another fun activity.

The focus of this activity is dictionary work.. Learners are required to make use of a dictionary to look up words and their meanings. It would be ideal to have one dictionary between two learners, but if this is not possible, learners can be divided into groups and will have to share the dictionaries. Should there be only one dictionary available, one group can use it while the others carry on with another task. Read through the activity with the whole class and point out what they will be assessed on, by looking at the rubric.

The following answers, taken from the Concise Oxford English Dictionary, should help you.

Assessment

LO 3
READING AND VIEWING The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.7 reads for pleasure:
3.7.1 reads much fiction and non-fiction at an appropriate reading and language level;
3.8 uses reference books and develops vocabulary:
3.8.2 uses a dictionary;
3.8.3 demonstrates a reading vocabulary of bewteen 3 000 and 5 000 common words.

Memorandum

  1. Alphabet : set of letters used in a language
  2. alpha : first Greek letter ; alphanumeric: containing both alphabetic and numerical symbols
  3. Alsace, Alsatian, alsike, alter, altazimuth, althorn, altruism, alum, aluminium, alumina, alveolus
  4. The letter Q is always followed by the letter U.
  5. The following words are some examples that you may use if you do not have access to a dictionary at all:
    • Quaff : drink deeply
    • Quag : marshy or boggy spot
    • Quagga : extinct SA quadruped related to ass and zebra
    • Qualm : momentary faint or sick feeling
    • Quandary : state of perplexity
    • Querulous : complaining, peevish
    • Quiddity : essence of a person or thing
    • Quotidian : daily, of every day
    • Quoin : external angle of building
  1. Some examples for you to choose from:
  • Quadragenarian : person from 40 to 49 years old.
  • Quadrangle : four-cornered figure
  • Quadrant : quarter of circle’s circumference
  • Quadratic : square
  • Quadrillion : a million raised to the power of four
  • Quadruped : four-footed animal
  • Quadruple : fourfold
  • Quadruplet : four children born at the same time

Quad- means “four”

  1. Some examples for you to choose form:
  • Quinary : of the number five
  • Quinate : having five leaflets
  • Quincentenary : the five-hundredth anniversary
  • Quinquagenarian : person from 50 to 59 years old
  • Quinquennial : lasting, recurring every five years
  • Quint: sequence of five cards of same suit
  • Quintette : composition for five voices or instruments
  • Quintillion : a million raised to the fifth power

Questions & Answers

what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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