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This module describes notation for functions.

Function notation

Functions are represented in math by parentheses. When you write f ( x ) size 12{f \( x \) } {} you indicate that the variable f size 12{f} {} is a function of—or depends on—the variable x size 12{x} {} .

For instance, suppose f ( x ) = x 2 + 3x size 12{f \( x \) =x rSup { size 8{2} } +3x} {} . This means that f is a function that takes whatever you give it, and squares it, and multiplies it by 3, and adds those two quantities.

7 10 x y a dog x-squared plus 3x Gearbox f ( 7 ) = 7 2 + 3 ( 7 ) = 70 f ( 10 ) = 10 2 + 3 ( 10 ) = 130 f ( x ) = x 2 + 3x f ( y ) = y 2 + 3y f ( dog ) = ( dog ) 2 + 3 ( dog ) ( *not in the domain )

The notation f ( 7 ) size 12{f \( 7 \) } {} means “plug the number 7 into the function f size 12{f} {} .” It does not indicate that you are multiplying f size 12{f} {} times 7. To evaluate f ( 7 ) size 12{f \( 7 \) } {} you take the function f ( x ) size 12{f \( x \) } {} and replace all occurrences of the variable x with the number 7. If this function is given a 7 it will come out with a 70.

If we write f ( y ) = y 2 + 3y size 12{f \( y \) =y rSup { size 8{2} } +3y} {} we have not specified a different function . Remember, the function is not the variables or the numbers, it is the process. f ( y ) = y 2 + 3y size 12{f \( y \) =y rSup { size 8{2} } +3y} {} also means “whatever number comes in, square it, multiply it by 3, and add those two quantities.” So it is a different way of writing the same function.

Just as many students expect all variables to be named x size 12{x} {} , many students—and an unfortunate number of parents—expect all functions to be named f size 12{f} {} . The correct rule is that—whenever possible— functions, like variables, should be named descriptively . For instance, if Alice makes $100/day, we might write:

  • Let m equal the amount of money Alice has made (measured in dollars)
  • Let t equal the amount of time Alice has worked (measured in days)
  • Then, m ( t ) = 100 t size 12{m \( t \) ="100"t} {}

This last equation should be read “ m size 12{m} {} is a function of t size 12{t} {} (or m size 12{m} {} depends on t size 12{t} {} ). Given any value of the variable t size 12{t} {} , you can multiply it by 100 to find the corresponding value of the variable m size 12{m} {} .”

Of course, this is a very simple function! While simple examples are helpful to illustrate the concept, it is important to realize that very complicated functions are also used to model real world relationships. For instance, in Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, if an object is going very fast, its mass is multiplied by 1 1 v 2 9 10 16 size 12{ { {1} over { sqrt {1 - { {v rSup { size 8{2} } } over {9 cdot "10" rSup { size 8{"16"} } } } } } } } {} . While this can look extremely intimidating, it is just another function. The speed v size 12{v} {} is the independent variable, and the mass m size 12{m} {} is dependent. Given any speed v size 12{v} {} you can determine how much the mass m size 12{m} {} is multiplied by.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Math 1508 (lecture) readings in precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Aug 24, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11354/1.1
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