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Grade 9



Module 19



To be able to extract meaningful information from data

[LO 5.5]

As you know, graphs are to be seen everywhere: in advertisements, in textbooks, in magazine articles and in mathematics classes. In this section we will look at a wide selection of graphs and what we can say about the statistics they represent.

When we have only one set of values (for example the previous study of the breakfast and lunch habits of some learners), we can use a simple graph like a pie chart.

On the other hand, many graphs make a connection between two sets of values. We call this a relation.

Some examples from your previous work are: number of prison inmates in particular years; height above sea level at certain distances from a point; amount charged by a gardener for certain number of hours worked; y–values obtained from x–values substituted into a given formula; etc.

Usually this means that the graph will have a horizontal axis and a vertical axis. Just to remind you, here is the table of important words again:

Equation: x y
Equation: Independent variable Dependent variable
Flow diagram: Input value Output value
Table: First row Second row
Coordinates: 1st coordinate 2nd coordinate
Graph: x- axis y- axis
Graph: Horizontal axis Vertical axis

1 James and Gabriel are the same age – they are friends, both entering their first job at the start of January 2000. Each of them can easily take a bus to work. Each also has enough money from their holiday jobs to use as a deposit on a new car.

James wants a new car immediately, and now that he has a job, he arranges hire purchase financing for a car. He has enough for the deposit, and he can just about afford the monthly repayments. At the end of four years he replaces the car with another new one, a slightly nicer model. He again buys it on hire purchase, paying the deposit from the sale of his old car, and pays the higher instalments regularly. At the start of 2008, he does the same. Every four years he replaces his car.

Gabriel is willing to do something different. Instead of getting a new car immediately, he puts the money he would have used for the deposit into a savings account and saves up enough every month so that after four years he can buy a new car for cash. So in 2004 he chooses the same one his friend James does. Immediately he starts another savings account, making monthly payments big enough for a new car in four years’ time like the one his friend buys then. In 2008, he sells his old car when he gets the new one, and puts the money in the bank to start his savings for the next car. So he also replaces his car every four years

In other words, from 2004 they drive exactly the same cars!

The information about their expenditure is given below as a bar graph as well as a table.

Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
James 28 304 21 228 21 228 21 228 33 965 25 474 25 474 25 474 40 758 30 568 30 568 30 568 48 909 36 682
Gabriel 22 436 15 360 15 360 15 360 21 000 21 000 21 000 21 000 32 317 22 128 22 128 22 128 38 807 26 580

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11056/1.1
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