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Problem exercises

A 5 . 00 × 10 5 -kg size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } "- kg"} {} rocket is accelerating straight up. Its engines produce 1 . 250 × 10 7 N size 12{1 "." "250" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } " N"} {} of thrust, and air resistance is 4 . 50 × 10 6 N size 12{4 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } " N"} {} . What is the rocket’s acceleration? Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for Newton’s laws of motion.

An object of mass m is shown. Three forces acting on it are tension T, shown by an arrow acting vertically upward, and friction f and gravity m g, shown by two arrows acting vertically downward.

Using the free-body diagram:

F net = T f m g = ma size 12{F rSub { size 8{"net"} } =T - f= ital "ma"} {} ,

so that

a = T f mg m = 1 . 250 × 10 7 N 4.50 × 10 6 N ( 5.00 × 10 5 kg ) ( 9. 80 m/s 2 ) 5.00 × 10 5 kg = 6.20 m/s 2 size 12{a= { {T` - `f` - ` ital "mg"} over {m} } = { {1 "." "250" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } " N" - 4 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{"6 "} } N - \( 5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } " kg" \) \( 9 "." "80 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } \) } over {5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } " kg"} } ="6" "." 20" m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} .

The wheels of a midsize car exert a force of 2100 N backward on the road to accelerate the car in the forward direction. If the force of friction including air resistance is 250 N and the acceleration of the car is 1 . 80 m/s 2 size 12{1 "." "80 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} , what is the mass of the car plus its occupants? Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for Newton’s laws of motion. For this situation, draw a free-body diagram and write the net force equation.

Calculate the force a 70.0-kg high jumper must exert on the ground to produce an upward acceleration 4.00 times the acceleration due to gravity. Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for Newton’s laws of motion.

  1. Use Newton’s laws of motion.
    Two forces are acting on an object of mass m: F, shown by an arrow pointing upward, and its weight w, shown by an arrow pointing downward. Acceleration a is represented by a vector arrow pointing upward. The figure depicts the forces acting on a high jumper.
  2. Given : a = 4.00 g = ( 4.00 ) ( 9. 80 m/s 2 ) = 39.2 m/s 2 ; size 12{a=4 "." "00" g= \( 4 "." "00" \) \( 9 "." "80 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } \) ="39" "." 2" m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } " ; "} {} m = 70 . 0 kg size 12{m="70" "." "0 kg"} {} ,

    Find: F size 12{F} .

  3. {} {} F =+ F w = ma , size 12{ Sum {F"=+"F - w= ital "ma"" ,"} } {} so that F = ma + w = ma + mg = m ( a + g ) size 12{F= ital "ma"+w= ital "ma"+ ital "mg"=m \( a+g \) } {} .

    F = ( 70.0 kg ) [ ( 39 . 2 m/s 2 ) + ( 9 . 80 m/s 2 ) ] size 12{F= \( "70" "." 0" kg" \) \[ \( "39" "." "2 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } \) + \( 9 "." "80 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } \) \] } {} = 3. 43 × 10 3 N size 12{ {}= {underline {`3 "." "43" times "10" rSup { size 8{3} } " N"}} } {} . The force exerted by the high-jumper is actually down on the ground, but F size 12{F} is up from the ground and makes him jump.

  4. This result is reasonable, since it is quite possible for a person to exert a force of the magnitude of 10 3 N size 12{"10" rSup { size 8{3} } " N"} {} .

When landing after a spectacular somersault, a 40.0-kg gymnast decelerates by pushing straight down on the mat. Calculate the force she must exert if her deceleration is 7.00 times the acceleration due to gravity. Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for Newton’s laws of motion.

A freight train consists of two 8.00 × 10 4 -kg engines and 45 cars with average masses of 5.50 × 10 4 kg . (a) What force must each engine exert backward on the track to accelerate the train at a rate of 5.00 × 10 –2 m/s 2 size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{"–2"} } " m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} if the force of friction is 7 . 50 × 10 5 N size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } " N"} {} , assuming the engines exert identical forces? This is not a large frictional force for such a massive system. Rolling friction for trains is small, and consequently trains are very energy-efficient transportation systems. (b) What is the force in the coupling between the 37th and 38th cars (this is the force each exerts on the other), assuming all cars have the same mass and that friction is evenly distributed among all of the cars and engines?

(a) 4 . 41 × 10 5 N size 12{4 "." "41" times "10" rSup { size 8{5 } } " N"} {}

(b) 1 . 50 × 10 5 N size 12{1 "." "47" times "10" rSup { size 8{5 } } " N"} {}

Commercial airplanes are sometimes pushed out of the passenger loading area by a tractor. (a) An 1800-kg tractor exerts a force of 1 . 75 × 10 4 N size 12{1 "." "75" times "10" rSup { size 8{4 } } " N"} {} backward on the pavement, and the system experiences forces resisting motion that total 2400 N. If the acceleration is 0 . 150 m/s 2 size 12{0 "." "150 m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} , what is the mass of the airplane? (b) Calculate the force exerted by the tractor on the airplane, assuming 2200 N of the friction is experienced by the airplane. (c) Draw two sketches showing the systems of interest used to solve each part, including the free-body diagrams for each.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, College physics: physics of california. OpenStax CNX. Sep 30, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11577/1.1
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