# 3.6 Function operations

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The form of “function as a rule” suggests that we may think of carrying out arithmetic operations like addition, multiplication etc with two functions. If we limit ourselves to real function, then we can attach meaning to equivalent of arithmetic operations with predictable domain intervals. We should, however, clearly understand that function operations with real functions involve new domain for the resulting function. In general, function operation results in contraction of intervals in which new rule formed from algebraic operation is valid.

As pointed out, function operations are defined for a new domain, depending on the type of operations - we carry out. In the nutshell, we may keep following aspects in mind, while describing function operations :

• Function operations are defined for real functions.
• The result of function operation is itself a real function.
• New function resulting from function operation is defined in new interval(s) of real numbers as determined by the nature of operation involved.

## Domain of resulting function

The function operations, like addition, involve more than one function. Each function has its domain in which it yields real values. The resulting domain will depend on the way the domain intervals of two or more functions interact. In order to understand the process, let us consider two functions “ ${y}_{1}$ ” and “ ${y}_{2}$ ” as given below.

${y}_{1}=\sqrt{\left({x}^{2}-3x+2\right)}$

${y}_{2}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{\left({x}^{2}-3x-4\right)}}$

Let " ${D}_{1}$ " and" ${D}_{2}$ " be their respective domains. Now, the expressions in the square roots need to be non-negative. For the first function :

${x}^{2}-3x+2\ge 0$

$⇒\left(x-1\right)\left(x-2\right)\ge 0$

The sign diagram is shown here. The domain for the function is the intervals in which function value is non-negative.

$⇒{D}_{1}=-\infty

Note that domain, here, includes end points as equality is permitted by the inequality "greater than or equal to" inequality. In the case of second function, square root expression is in the denominator. Thus, we exclude end points corresponding to roots of the equation.

${x}^{2}-3x-4>0$

$⇒\left(x+1\right)\left(x-4\right)>0$

$⇒{D}_{2}=-\infty

Now, let us define addition operation for the two functions as,

$y={y}_{1}+{y}_{2}$

The domain, in which this new function is defined, is given by the common interval between two domains obtained for the individual functions. Here, domain for each function is shown together one over other for easy comparison.

For new function defined by addition operation, values of x should be such that they simultaneously be in the domains of two functions. Consider for example, x = 0.75. This falls in the domain of first function but not in the domain of second function. It is, therefore, clear that domain of new function is intersection of the domains of individual functions. The resulting domain of the function resulting from addition is shown in the figure.

$⇒D={D}_{1}\cap {D}_{2}$

This illustration shows how domains interact to form a new domain for the new function when two functions are added together.

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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