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A second concern arises from the publication of exhibition catalogues before the events they describe. As aresult, the content of the book is uninformed by the exhibition itself. Exhibition catalogues generally comprise two parts: a setof essays aimed at a wide audience and addressing overarching themes, and a catalogue of the exhibited work, which is primarilyfor specialists. Except for the organizing curators, who have scoured collections in selecting objects to exhibit, most bookcontributors compose their texts without benefit of studying the work firsthand. The entries, having been written before theexhibition is assembled, cannot capture the important insights to be derived from comparative study of the works nor reflect thevaried expertise of academics, curators, conservators, frame experts, and other specialists that the museum convenes.

The catalogue would be more useful if updated to reflect new information and insights developed over the courseof an exhibition. Electronic publication offers a flexible format suited for the iterative thought process exhibitions set in motion.The pre-exhibition book might be accompanied by a digital extension on a museum website that serves as a portal for scholarshippertaining to the exhibition. The website could accommodate ongoing cataloguing, provide an interactive space to discussexhibition-related issues, and allow curators and academic art historians to exchange their specialized knowledge. Thewell-trained scholars who work as curators are often frustrated by the limited opportunities they are afforded to pursue seriousresearch. Museums invest heavily in exhibitions. These investments should be capitalized on by taking greater advantage of theexhibitions as sites of research and expanding the participation of curators in scholarly endeavors. Online publication could supportthese goals and take advantage of the considerable expertise in image display and analysis developed by museum education and designdepartments.

It should be acknowledged that museums already foster scholarly and intellectual exchange in various ways.In-house curators frequently engage guest curators and catalogue contributors from the academic community. Exhibition andinstallation planning grants of the kind provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Federation of the Arts rely on close cooperation between host museums and external curators and scholars. This kind of productive exchange frequentlycontinues during the run of the exhibitions or on the occasion of reinstallations. Well-resourced museums from the National Gallery of Art and the Metropolitan Museum to the Clark Art Institute and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum hold scholars' study days in the galleries and present public symposia, often organized incollaboration with neighboring academic institutions or in-house research centers. Publication of these events tends to be limitedto the symposia though, for the very good reason that not every observation or comment in an informal gathering of scholars needsto be recorded. Nevertheless, the wonderful opportunity of seeing normally dispersed objects in close proximity, for a sustainedperiod and often together with colleagues from the academy, museum, and conservation worlds, might lead to more dynamic forms ofpost-exhibition publication.

Models for publication of sustained scholarly discussion of conservation and exhibition projects exist, but suchpublications are extremely rare. When museums and scholars manage to produce them, the publications have great potential to becomeauthoritative reference works and records of new thought. In 1998 the Museum of Modern Art in New York (MoMA) mounted the exhibition Jackson Pollock: A Retrospective . This was followed by the publication in 1999 of a book edited by the show's curators andwith a significant focus on new findings produced during the exhibition.

Kirk Varnedoe and Pepe Karmel, eds., Jackson Pollock: New Approaches (New York: MoMA, 1999).
In 2000, MoMA published a compilation of interviews, articles, and reviews aboutPollock, edited by one of the curators.
Pepe Karmel, ed., Jackson Pollock: Interviews, Articles, Reviews (New York: MoMA, 2000).
A delay of just one or two years for such exhibition-related research isremarkably fast. On another front, for the past few years, an international group of curators, conservators, and scholars havebeen engaged in regular discussions of the cleaning and restoration of Lorenzo Ghiberti's Gates of Paradise . These consultations and shared viewings, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation , are helping shape an exhibition of some of the restored panels in 2007,curated by the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo in Florence, and publication of the results of these cooperative studies isintended.

In conclusion, the pre-exhibition book is an indispensable form of communication, but it might be still moreuseful if recognized as a starting point rather than a culmination of research, as it now aspires to be, and if it were part of anexpanded portfolio of exhibition-related publications in print and electronic format. The goal is to develop other publication genresand formats that take advantage of the exhibition itself and materialize during and after the exhibition to harvest anddisseminate its significance.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Art history and its publications in the electronic age. OpenStax CNX. Sep 20, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10376/1.1
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