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Existing digital publications have failed to serve art history well. This is understandable: no other disciplineattaches the same value to the image—its quality and interactivity—or requires the tight interlocking of image and text. Most e-publications, both books and journals, are in pdf format,reflecting their origins in print. Under these conditions, image quality deteriorates, the page is static, and special viewing toolscan not be deployed. The clickable in-page images in some recent e-publications are an immense improvement. Clicking on thethumbnail image enlarges it and allows for zooming and panning, but the full-frame image on a white backdrop fills the entire screenand the text disappears.

The substitutional relation of word and image may suffice in some fields, but not in art history, where imagesare integral to the investigation, not purely demonstrative. Text directs your attention to the image, and the two interlock. On theprinted page, layout constraints often cause text and image to fall out of sync; reading involves a multifinger procedure to bookmarkscattered illustrations. This constraint need not exist online, where a simultaneous on-screen presence of text and image can bemaintained. The relationship of word and image might be rethought for the computer screen to take advantage of its horizontalorientation. Today, screen displays remain beholden to the printed page, leaving empty space on the margins of an on-screen text page.The width of the computer screen could be usefully harnessed to allow for split screens with adjacent but separately maneuverablepages of text and image.

The ARTstor offline viewer offers exemplary features that could be the basis for a parallel text-image display.A screen could be divided in two parts, a text window next to an image window equipped with ARTstor's array of viewer tools to zoomand pan, view QuickTime videos, and perhaps in the future 3-D models, animations and other simulations. This split-screenarrangement would allow the reader to read the text while moving the images backward and forward as warranted by the author'sargument and the reader's curiosity. An additional window might have thumbnail slides as a navigational aide through a largeillustration program. Tk3 Author software also offers flexible screen layouts and permits assemblage of multimedia. However, itspolytextuality—the mixing of multiple media—lacks the specific emphasis on high-quality images and image viewing tools thatdistinguish ARTstor and are demanded by art and architectural history.

The art historical community has a stake in screen display not only as an instrumental matter and extension ofthe disciplinary interest in visual appearance but also a conceptual issue. The Albertian conception of the picture as anopen window informed the development of the virtual window of the computer screen. Anne Friedberg argues that "the 'Windows' trope incomputer software has become emblematic of the collapse of the single viewpoint, relying on the model of a window that we can'tsee through; windows that overlap, obscure." See her essay, "The Virtual Window," in Rethinking Media Change , 347, a prelude to her forthcoming book of the same title (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press,2006).

ARTstor is likely to be vital in developing the full potential of electronic publishing in the arts. Althoughnot a publisher, ARTstor offers a sophisticated viewing tool and is the dominant provider of digital images. Its successful strategy ofeliminating redundancy by building a central image repository also pertains to electronic publishing where the high hurdles in arthistory have had the demonstrable effect of barring scholarly journals and publishers from entering the field, and where theformidable challenges and costs specific to art history are too great for underresourced journals and scholarly societies to meetindividually.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Art history and its publications in the electronic age. OpenStax CNX. Sep 20, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10376/1.1
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