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  1. PREREQUISITES FOR THINKING AND LEARNING

BASIC COMPONENTS OFDEVELOPMENT AND GENERALACTIVITIES THAT STIMULATEDEVELOPMENT

Integration occurs when the above-mentioned basic components of development operate in an integrated manner.

The palm forms the basis for the hand.

The above sketch represents the basic components of development. This is important because it provides information regarding the learner’s development.

Sensori-motor development:

Has the learner attained the motor development milestones at the expected age? Are there serious developmental handicaps?

Physical and social factors

Does the learner suffer from any physical disabilities that retard his progress, e.g. deafness? Does the learner have developmental handicaps, e.g. deprivation or differences related to background?

  • MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

The motor development of the child helps him / her to maintain a healthy and balanced lifestyle. A motor development handicap can lead to tiredness, which may contribute to restlessness, distractibility, poor concentration and problems with coordination. His / her physical body position on the carpet or at the desk may also be unsatisfactory.

  • GROSS MOTOR SKILLS (coordination of the large muscles of the body)

Examples of activities:

  • Climbing activities
  • Jumping activities (ball games and skipping with a rope)
  • Balancing activities (skipping, balancing on one leg, hopping on one leg, walking along a line)
  • FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT (coordination of the small muscles of the body)

Examples of activities:

  • Crumpling paper
  • Using a pair of scissors for cutting, and colouring in
  • Stringing beads, using clothes-pegs
  • Playing with clay / tying shoe-laces
  • MOTOR PLANNING (Understanding instructions with a motor component and the automatic execution of non-habitual tasks)

Poor motor planning can result in poor working tempo and clumsiness and can extend the time that the learner needs to master new learning skills.

  • SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Development of verbal language commences at an early age, well before reading and writing are possible. The young child thinks in language and expresses thoughts through language. This is important for social relationships, as well as for academic achievement, and forms part of cognitive development.

Examples of activities:

  • Retelling of stories / own experiences
  • Development of vocabulary with the help of excursions followed by appropriate class discussions
  • Discussion of world events
  • Songs and rhymes

Correct employment of verbal capability in different situations, e.g. for answering the telephone correctly and communicating a message precisely.

Grade R learners must be able to communicate effectively by means of language, art, movement, music and dramatisation of experienced fantasy.

  • EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Grade R learners need to be taught a clear code of behaviour and need opportunities to develop pure values and attitudes and a strong moral code to promote relationships within the immediate and wider family and community. They need a variety of social experiences and opportunities to learn to cooperate effectively when they are involved with groups.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Grade r - a learning programme. OpenStax CNX. Nov 03, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11135/1.1
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