



Virtue tables
The table just below provides a format for spellingout individual virtues through (1) a general description, (2) the
correlative vices of excess and defect, (3) the skills and mentalstates that accompany and support it, and (4) real and fictional
individuals who embody it. Following the table are hints on how toidentify and characterize virtues. We start with the virtue of
integrity:
Virtue 
Description 
Excess 
Defect 
Obstacles to realizing the virtue in professional practices 
Moral Exemplar 
Integrity 
A metavirtue in which the holder exhibits unity of character manifested in holding together even in the face of strong disruptive pressures or temptations 
Excess: Rigiditysticking to one´s guns even when one is obviously wrong(2,3) 
Defect: Wantonness. A condition where one exhibits no stability or consistency in character 
Individual corruption: Individuals can be tempted by greed toward the vice of defect. Lack of moral courage can also move one to both extremes 
Saint Thomas More as portrayed in Robert Bolt´s A Man for All Seasons. More refuses to take an oath that goes against the core beliefs in terms of which he defines himself. 




Institutional Corruption: One may work in an organization where corruption is the norm. This generates dilemmas like following an illegal order or getting fired. 

Exercise 1: construct virtue tables for professional virtues
 Discuss in your group why the virtue you have been assigned is important for the practice of your profession. What goods or values does the consistent employment of this virtue produce?
 Use the discussion in #1 to develop a general description of your virtue. Think along the following lines: people who have virtue X tend to exhibit certain characteristics (or do certain things) in certain kinds of situations. Try to think of these situations in terms of what is common and important to your profession or practice.
 Identify the corresponding vices. What characterizes the points of excess and defect between which your virtue as the mean lies?
 What obstacles arise that prevent professionals from practicing your virtue? Do wellmeaning professionals lack power or technical skill? Can virtues interfere with the realization of nonmoral values like financial values? See if you can think of a supporting scenario or case here.
 Identify a moral exemplar for your virtue. Make use of the exemplars described in the
Moral Exemplars in Business and Professional Ethics module.
 Go back to task #2. Redefine your description of your virtue in light of the subsequent tasks, especially the moral exemplar you identified. Check for coherence.
 Finally, does your virtue stand alone or does it need support from other virtues or skills? For example, integrity might also require moral courage.
Exercise 2: reflect on these concluding issues
 Did you have trouble identifying a moral
exemplar? Many turn to popular figures for their moral exemplars.Movies and fiction also offer powerful models. Why do you think
that it is hard to find moral exemplars in your profession? Is itbecause your profession is a den of corruption? (Probably not.) Do
we focus more on villains than on heroes? Why or why not?
 What did you think about the moral leaders
portrayed in the
Moral Exemplars in Business and Professional Ethics module?
 Did you have trouble identifying both vices, i.e., vices of excess and defect? If so, do you think this because some virtues may not have vices of excess and defect? What do you think about Aristotle's doctrine of the mean?
 Did you notice that the virtue profiles given by your group and the other groups in the class
overlapped? Is this a problem for virtue theory? Why do our conceptions of the key moral values and virtues overlap?
 Did you find the virtues difficult to
apply? What do you think about the utilitarian and deontological criticism of virtue ethics, namely, that it cannot provide us with guidelines on how to act in difficult situations? Should ethical theories emphasize the act or the person? Or both?
 The most tenacious obstacle to working with
virtue ethics is to change focus from the morally minimal to themorally exemplary. “Virtue” is the translation of the Greek word,
arête. But “excellence” is, perhaps, a better word. Understandingvirtue ethics requires seeing that virtue is concerned with the
exemplary, not the barely passable. (Again, looking at moralexemplars helps.) Arête transforms our understanding of common
moral values like justice and responsibility by moving fromminimally acceptable to exemplary models.
Questions & Answers
explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the
fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction.
2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
1. x + 6 2
 = _
x + 9 + 6 3
x + 6 3
 x  (cross multiply)
x + 15 2
3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15)
3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (2x from both)
x + 18 = 30 (18 from both)
x = 12
Test:
12 + 6 18 2
 =  = 
12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2.
(x) + (x + 2) = 60
2x + 2 = 60
2x = 58
x = 29
29, 30, & 31
Pawel
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1
x + 3x + 1 = 113
4x = 112, x = 28
Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
Want to review on complex number
1.What are complex number
2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
use the y intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
how do we prove the quadratic formular
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
thank you
help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that.
Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
x2y+3z=3
2xy+z=7
x+3yz=6
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation.
Point For:
(6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,411)
Equation Form:
x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11
y=41/11
z=−4/11
x=61/11
y=41/11
z=4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^2
what is the coefficient of 4×
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to 1
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)1/7 (x1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Source:
OpenStax, Modules linking to computing cases. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2007 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10423/1.2
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