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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Ontdekkingsreise in afrika

Module 11

Livingstone se bydrae tot die bekendstelling van afrika

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om die oorsake en gevolge van gebeure te bepaal

[lu 2.2]

a) Bestudeer meegaande skrywe van Livingstone. Verduidelik daarna vir jou maat die belangrikste redes waarom hy na Afrika gekom het.

“Ek sal alles in my vermoë doen om die Woord van God te verkondig deur te preek, aansporing, gesprek, onderrig van die jeug en die verbetering van die mense met wie ek gaan werk deur hulle bekend te stel aan kuns en wetenskap. Só sal ek die Christendom in hul harte bring.”

David Livingstone

Livingstone word vereer vir sy ontdekkingswerk in Afrika. Lees onderstaande berig wat geskryf is oor sy reis na die hart van Afrika. Meegaande kaart gaan jou ook help.

Livingstone (‘n Skot) was ‘n man met baie deursettingsvermoë. In 1841 het hy by die sendingstasie op Kuruman aangekom en saam met eerwaarde Robert Moffat gewerk. In 1843 het hy besluit om nog sendingstasies te stig en in 1849 vertrek hy om nog stasies te gaan stig.

Hy sukkel baie om met die bestaande kaarte van Afrika spesifieke plekke op te spoor. In 1851 ontdek hy egter die boloop van die Zambezirivier. Livingstone was baie lief vir die natuur en het noukeurig aantekeninge gemaak van sy roetes, plekke en diere op sy ontdekkingstogte. Baie van sy aantekeninge is oor die hele wêreld versprei en so het die mense meer kennis opgedoen oor Afrika.

Tydens ‘n rit op die Zambezi in ‘n kano kom hy af op die groot watervalle van “Mosi-oa-tunya” (die rook wat bulder). Livingstone noem dit toe die Victoriawaterval. In 1855 ontvang hy ‘n medalje vir sy geweldige bydrae om inligting oor Afrika aan die wêreld bekend te stel.

In 1858 is Livingstone terug na die Zambezirivier om te kyk of die Europese teenwoordigheid nie slawehandel kan help beëindig nie. Die rivier was onvaarbaar vir sy stoomboot en hy moes weer terugkeer. Niks kon Livingstone keer om sy doel te bereik nie en in 1866 was hy weer terug in Afrika en vestig hy hom by Ujiji. Hier was hy na aan die hart van die slawehandel. Dit is gedurende hierdie tydperk wat hy nie van hom laat hoor het nie, en die mense het bekommerd geraak oor hom.

Die volgende vier oefeninge gaan jou help om te leer dat:

  • Dit belangrik is om te verstaan waar sekere gebeure plaasvind of plaasgevind het.
  • Alle gebeure oorsake en gevolge het.

b) Dinkskrum vir julle!

  • Livingstone se leuse was:

Vrees God en werk hard.

Wat is die gevolg(e) van so ‘n leuse?

  • Op een van sy eerste reise het ‘n leeu Livingstone se een arm vermink vir die res van sy lewe. Livingstone en ‘n ooggetuie het dit soos volg beskryf:

Livingstone: “Suddenly I saw the lion in the act of springing upon me. He caught my shoulder as he sprang and shook me as a terrier dog does a rat.”

Ooggetuie: “The lion then attacked one of the natives whose gun misfired twice. It went on to attack a second native, but by this time the bullets Livingstone had fired, took effect and the lion fell dead.”

  • Met hierdie verswakte arm het hy later vol en gevaarlike riviere (met krokodille) aangedurf.
  • Dink jy Livingstone het soos ‘n held opgetree? Waarom?

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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