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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Ontdekkingsreise in afrika

Module 11

Livingstone se bydrae tot die bekendstelling van afrika

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om die oorsake en gevolge van gebeure te bepaal

[lu 2.2]

a) Bestudeer meegaande skrywe van Livingstone. Verduidelik daarna vir jou maat die belangrikste redes waarom hy na Afrika gekom het.

“Ek sal alles in my vermoë doen om die Woord van God te verkondig deur te preek, aansporing, gesprek, onderrig van die jeug en die verbetering van die mense met wie ek gaan werk deur hulle bekend te stel aan kuns en wetenskap. Só sal ek die Christendom in hul harte bring.”

David Livingstone

Livingstone word vereer vir sy ontdekkingswerk in Afrika. Lees onderstaande berig wat geskryf is oor sy reis na die hart van Afrika. Meegaande kaart gaan jou ook help.

Livingstone (‘n Skot) was ‘n man met baie deursettingsvermoë. In 1841 het hy by die sendingstasie op Kuruman aangekom en saam met eerwaarde Robert Moffat gewerk. In 1843 het hy besluit om nog sendingstasies te stig en in 1849 vertrek hy om nog stasies te gaan stig.

Hy sukkel baie om met die bestaande kaarte van Afrika spesifieke plekke op te spoor. In 1851 ontdek hy egter die boloop van die Zambezirivier. Livingstone was baie lief vir die natuur en het noukeurig aantekeninge gemaak van sy roetes, plekke en diere op sy ontdekkingstogte. Baie van sy aantekeninge is oor die hele wêreld versprei en so het die mense meer kennis opgedoen oor Afrika.

Tydens ‘n rit op die Zambezi in ‘n kano kom hy af op die groot watervalle van “Mosi-oa-tunya” (die rook wat bulder). Livingstone noem dit toe die Victoriawaterval. In 1855 ontvang hy ‘n medalje vir sy geweldige bydrae om inligting oor Afrika aan die wêreld bekend te stel.

In 1858 is Livingstone terug na die Zambezirivier om te kyk of die Europese teenwoordigheid nie slawehandel kan help beëindig nie. Die rivier was onvaarbaar vir sy stoomboot en hy moes weer terugkeer. Niks kon Livingstone keer om sy doel te bereik nie en in 1866 was hy weer terug in Afrika en vestig hy hom by Ujiji. Hier was hy na aan die hart van die slawehandel. Dit is gedurende hierdie tydperk wat hy nie van hom laat hoor het nie, en die mense het bekommerd geraak oor hom.

Die volgende vier oefeninge gaan jou help om te leer dat:

  • Dit belangrik is om te verstaan waar sekere gebeure plaasvind of plaasgevind het.
  • Alle gebeure oorsake en gevolge het.

b) Dinkskrum vir julle!

  • Livingstone se leuse was:

Vrees God en werk hard.

Wat is die gevolg(e) van so ‘n leuse?

  • Op een van sy eerste reise het ‘n leeu Livingstone se een arm vermink vir die res van sy lewe. Livingstone en ‘n ooggetuie het dit soos volg beskryf:

Livingstone: “Suddenly I saw the lion in the act of springing upon me. He caught my shoulder as he sprang and shook me as a terrier dog does a rat.”

Ooggetuie: “The lion then attacked one of the natives whose gun misfired twice. It went on to attack a second native, but by this time the bullets Livingstone had fired, took effect and the lion fell dead.”

  • Met hierdie verswakte arm het hy later vol en gevaarlike riviere (met krokodille) aangedurf.
  • Dink jy Livingstone het soos ‘n held opgetree? Waarom?

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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