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Social sciences: history

Grade 6

Exploration in africa

Module 11

Livingstone’s contribution to make africa known

Activity:

To determine causes and effects

[lo 2.2]

  1. Study the following piece of writing by Livingstone. Then explain to your partner the most important reasons for Livingstone's decision to come to Africa.

“I shall do everything in my power to make the word of god known through preaching, encouraging, discussion, teaching of the youth and the improvement of the people with whom i shall be working in acquainting them with art and science. in this way, i shall be carrying christianity into their hearts.”

David Livingstone

Livingstone gained more honour through his exploration of Africa. Read the following article that was written about his journey to the heart of Africa. The map will help you to follow his route.

Livingstone (a Scot) was a man of great determination. He arrived at the mission station at Kuruman in 1841, where he had gone to work alongside the Reverend Robert Moffat. In 1843 he decided to establish more mission stations, and in 1849 set off to establish another six mission stations.

He struggled to get hold of existing maps of places in Africa, but discovered the upper reaches of the Zambezi River in 1851. Livingstone loved nature and kept precise notes of his routes and the places and animals he saw on his journeys of exploration. Many of his notes were distributed across the world, which made it possible for people everywhere to learn more about Africa.

During a trip in a canoe on the Zambezi, he reached the waterfalls of “Mosi-oa-tunya” (the smoke that thunders). He named these falls the Victoria Falls. In 1855 he received a medal to honour him for the way he had made information about Africa available to the world.

In 1858 Livingstone went back to the Zambezi River to see whether the presence of Europeans might make it possible to stop the slave trade. The river was unnavigable and he and his steamboat had to turn back. Nothing could stop him from attaining his purpose and he returned to Africa in 1866, to settle at Ujiji. There he was close to the heart of the trade in slaves, but he sent no news of his conditions, which led to great concern for his safety among those who knew him.

The following four sources will help you to learn:

  • It is helpful to know where particular events occurred and to be aware of the fact that all events have causes and effects.
  • All events have causes and effects (results).

b) Brainstorming session

Livingstone’s motto was:

Fear God and work hard.

What do you think of such a motto? Explain your answer

A lion mauled Livingstone’s arm irreparably during one of his journeys. Livingstone and an eyewitness described the event as follows:

Livingstone: “Suddenly I saw the lion in the act of springing upon me. He caught my shoulder as he sprang and shook me as a terrier dog does a rat.”

Eyewitness: “The lion then attacked one of the natives whose gun misfired twice. It went on to attack a second native, but by this time the bullets Livingstone had fired, took effect and the lion fell dead.”

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11011/1.1
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