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Social sciences: history

Grade 6

Exploration in africa

Module 11

Livingstone’s contribution to make africa known


To determine causes and effects

[lo 2.2]

  1. Study the following piece of writing by Livingstone. Then explain to your partner the most important reasons for Livingstone's decision to come to Africa.

“I shall do everything in my power to make the word of god known through preaching, encouraging, discussion, teaching of the youth and the improvement of the people with whom i shall be working in acquainting them with art and science. in this way, i shall be carrying christianity into their hearts.”

David Livingstone

Livingstone gained more honour through his exploration of Africa. Read the following article that was written about his journey to the heart of Africa. The map will help you to follow his route.

Livingstone (a Scot) was a man of great determination. He arrived at the mission station at Kuruman in 1841, where he had gone to work alongside the Reverend Robert Moffat. In 1843 he decided to establish more mission stations, and in 1849 set off to establish another six mission stations.

He struggled to get hold of existing maps of places in Africa, but discovered the upper reaches of the Zambezi River in 1851. Livingstone loved nature and kept precise notes of his routes and the places and animals he saw on his journeys of exploration. Many of his notes were distributed across the world, which made it possible for people everywhere to learn more about Africa.

During a trip in a canoe on the Zambezi, he reached the waterfalls of “Mosi-oa-tunya” (the smoke that thunders). He named these falls the Victoria Falls. In 1855 he received a medal to honour him for the way he had made information about Africa available to the world.

In 1858 Livingstone went back to the Zambezi River to see whether the presence of Europeans might make it possible to stop the slave trade. The river was unnavigable and he and his steamboat had to turn back. Nothing could stop him from attaining his purpose and he returned to Africa in 1866, to settle at Ujiji. There he was close to the heart of the trade in slaves, but he sent no news of his conditions, which led to great concern for his safety among those who knew him.

The following four sources will help you to learn:

  • It is helpful to know where particular events occurred and to be aware of the fact that all events have causes and effects.
  • All events have causes and effects (results).

b) Brainstorming session

Livingstone’s motto was:

Fear God and work hard.

What do you think of such a motto? Explain your answer

A lion mauled Livingstone’s arm irreparably during one of his journeys. Livingstone and an eyewitness described the event as follows:

Livingstone: “Suddenly I saw the lion in the act of springing upon me. He caught my shoulder as he sprang and shook me as a terrier dog does a rat.”

Eyewitness: “The lion then attacked one of the natives whose gun misfired twice. It went on to attack a second native, but by this time the bullets Livingstone had fired, took effect and the lion fell dead.”

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11011/1.1
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