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Afrikaans huistaal

Graad 7

Module 14

Literêre skatkis

Die klassieke letterkunde

‘n Kunstenaar werk met materiaal wanneer hy besig is om te skep.

Die skilder gebruik olie- of waterverf wanneer hy ‘n skildery maak.

Skrywers (of woordkunstenaars) gebruik taal om mee te skep. Die kunswerke wat hulle skep, staan bekend as letterkunde .

Letterkunde is nie bloot stories wat mense geskryf het om ander mee te vermaak nie. Trouens, goeie letterkunde speel ‘n baie belangrike rol in ons lewens. Dit stel mense in staat om kennis te maak met die mees basiese lewenskwessies. Daar kan gesê word dat die letterkunde hom bemoei met die mens se bestaan en lewenservarings .

Al is ‘n letterkundige werk reeds honderde jare oud, kan dit steeds iets sê oor die dinge wat deel is van mense se belangrikste lewenservarings soos byvoorbeeld geboorte en dood, liefde, hartseer, eensaamheid en begeertes.

Die letterkunde kan steeds betekenisvolle kommentaar lewer oor probleme wat so oud as die mens self is, en waarmee elke nuwe geslag te doene kry. Wat ons voorouers honderde jare gelede ervaar het, ervaar ook ons nog steeds.

Verhale en stories wat daarin slaag om mense oor baie jare steeds te boei en stof tot nadenke bied omdat hulle die toets van die tyd deurstaan het, word uiteindelik deel van die klassieke wêreldletterkunde. Hulle word in ander tale vertaal sodat meer mense dit kan lees.

In Afrikaans is daar ‘n lang lys van boeke wat vertaal is uit ander wêreldtale soos Engels, Frans en Duits sodat ons ook in Afrikaans die genot en plesier daarvan kan ervaar wanneer ons die boeke lees.

Een sodanige boek is Treasure Island deur Robert Louis Stevenson. Hierdie boek het reeds in 1883 verskyn. Dit is die eerste vollengte roman wat hy geskryf het. Dit is in 1925 in Afrikaans vertaal met die titel Skateiland .

Julle het waarskynlik reeds met hierdie verhaal op televisie kennis gemaak. Etlike weergawes is gebeeldsend, of as ‘n film, of as ‘n tekenprent. Walt Disney het ‘n vollengte rolprent daarvan vervaardig en is in die meeste videowinkels beskikbaar. Die verhaal in Afrikaans behoort in die plaaslike biblioteek beskikbaar te wees as deel van die vertaalde Libri-reeks.

Die skrywer

Robert Louis Stevenson is in 1850 in Edinburgh gebore. Sy vader was ‘n welvarende en beroemde ingenieur. As kind was hy dikwels siek en het meeste van die tyd in die bed deurgebring waar hy baie gelees het. As jong man het hy in ingenieurswese belanggestel, maar het later as advokaat gekwalifiseer. Hy het egter nooit gepraktiseer nie, omdat hy reeds vanaf sy sestiende jaar en later al sy tyd aan skryf gewy het. Hy het wêreldbekendheid in 1886 verwerf met die verskyning van Kidnapped en The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Treasure Island is in 1882 geskryf, na sy terugkeer van ‘n genotvolle reis na die Stille Oseaan en Suidsee. Hier het hy ook later om gesondheidsredes gaan woon. In 1894 is hy in Samoa oorlede.

‘n Uittreksel uit die 1925-vertaling van Skateiland

By die eerste groot boom het ons stilgestaan, maar, volgens die kompas, was dit die verkeerde. So ook met die tweede. Die derde was goed twee honderd voet hoog; ‘n reus van ‘n boom, met ‘n stam so wyd as een huis, en ‘n breë skaduwee, waaronder ‘n hele afdeling soldate sou kan maneuvreer. Van Ooste en Weste kon dit van die see af gesien word, en sou as ’n teken kon gedien het as baken vir ‘n skip.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11016/1.1
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