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Given the synergistic nature of the cohort, power must be balanced between the professor and the peers, and among the students themselves. Realizing the importance of authority, governance, and control as potential issues, I have sought honest feedback on the power dynamics within the group. Student feedback has suggested that power within the group is generally balanced. One WIT plainly stated:“There is no power imbalance. Our agenda is student generated. Everyone shares ideas and notions equally. My professor makes sure that all meetings have a“round robin”format, so there’s time for each person to share suggestions.”

The WIT cohort draws its strength from these highly synergetic relationships and dynamics. Indeed, the comfort and security of membership is of uppermost importance, as a feeling of safety helps ensure intellectual risk-taking:“It’s like I know exactly what my peers are going through because I have been through it before, or I’m going through it right now. That is a very comforting thought.”Another WIT added:“I really look forward to meeting with the WITs. I know when I leave each session I will do so with something valuable that I can use to improve my writing and myself.”

Mentoring Creed—Rule #7 (Constructive Criticism)

Importantly, students find the critiques of their writing critical to their development and progress and an invaluable aspect of the mentoring cohort. Assistance with deepening thinking and improving writing within the context of social science inquiry is a primary motivator for attending meetings and helping others. Here is how one WIT explained this transformative process:

At first, I was really discouraged by the complexity of the comments made at the meetings and the numerous writing changes. But I got over it. I realized that if I really thought hard about the issues raised and considered what the group suggested relative to my own writing that my work would probably get much better. And it did. And I’m also moving along faster.

Internalizing constructive criticism, another commented:“With the feedback I receive that I reflect in my papers, I can see myself growing as a writer within a social context.”

Critical support is also extended in an effort to help WITs with the difficulty they face clearly and completely expressing their ideas. As a result, the meaning and significance of their research findings are often obscured due to imprecise and overly complicated sentence structures. Addressing this challenge sometimes requires such writing activity as simplifying sentences, adding explanation, examples, or qualifiers, incorporating evidence for assertions, and removing hyperbole. During the WIT sessions we actually undertake rewriting some ideas and sentences together. The students whose works are being reviewed are often asked to state aloud what they mean by a particular idea; from there, clarity is rendered orally and the new thoughts are immediately translated into written form.

Constructive criticism is offered within the group regarding conceptualizing, developing, and formatting one’s research, as well as creating the instruments for data collection and outlining procedures. The cohort provides a place for the research format to be discussed and explained. WITs share among themselves their own wise counsel, as in:“As we have learned in this room, whatever you pick as the magical number of people to interview, make sure it makes sense to you. You have to justify the number selected to your committee. It’s a meaningful selection, not arbitrary.”Another agreed:“Yes, this is where my committee nailed me. I had to have a reason as to why I picked the number that I did but I couldn’t think of one.”

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The handbook of doctoral programs: issues and challenges. OpenStax CNX. Dec 10, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10427/1.3
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