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Mathematics

Grade 5

Ordinary and decimal fractions

Module 46

Recognise and classify ordinary fractions

Activity 1:

To recognise and classify ordinary fractions in order to compare them [lo 1.3.2]

RELATIONSHIP SIGNS (<;>; =)

1. Compare the following fractions and then fill in<,>or =.

1.1 3 5 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ____ 7 10 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{"10"} } } } {}

1.2 1 3 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{3} } } } {} ____ 1 4 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{4} } } } {}

1.3 5 8 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{8} } } } {} ____ 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {}

1.4 1 7 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{7} } } } {} ____ 1 5 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{5} } } } {}

1.5 3 4 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{4} } } } {} ____ 6 8 size 12{ { { size 8{6} } over { size 8{8} } } } {}

1.6 3 8 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{8} } } } {} ____ 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {}

1.7 3 4 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{4} } } } {} ____ 9 12 size 12{ { { size 8{9} } over { size 8{"12"} } } } {}

1.8 3 5 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ____ 7 10 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{"10"} } } } {}

1.9 2 11 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{"11"} } } } {} ____ 1 12 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{"12"} } } } {}

1.10 12 12 size 12{ { { size 8{"12"} } over { size 8{"12"} } } } {} ____ 9 9 size 12{ { { size 8{9} } over { size 8{9} } } } {}

2. Compare the following fractions and draw a circle around the one that is the greatest in each of the following:

2.1 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {} ; 3 4 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{4} } } } {}

2.2 2 3 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{3} } } } {} ; 3 6 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{6} } } } {}

2.3 3 5 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ; 9 10 size 12{ { { size 8{9} } over { size 8{"10"} } } } {}

2.4 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {} ; 2 6 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{6} } } } {}

2.5 3 8 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{8} } } } {} ; 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {}

2.6 4 5 size 12{ { { size 8{4} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ; 4 10 size 12{ { { size 8{4} } over { size 8{"10"} } } } {}

Class discussion

HOW can we determine the answers for no. 1 and if we don’t have a diagram to help us?

3. In the following activity you will see how important your knowledge of equivalent fractions is. Once you have mastered it, you will find that it is child’s play to compare the fractions with each other.

Use the rule as determined during your class discussion and fill in<,>or =.

3.1 3 5 size 12{ { { size 8{3} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ____ 7 15 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{"15"} } } } {}

3.2 7 11 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{"11"} } } } {} ____ 13 22 size 12{ { { size 8{"13"} } over { size 8{"22"} } } } {}

3.3 5 9 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{9} } } } {} ____ 15 27 size 12{ { { size 8{"15"} } over { size 8{"27"} } } } {}

3.4 5 6 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{6} } } } {} ____ 20 24 size 12{ { { size 8{"20"} } over { size 8{"24"} } } } {}

4. Now use your knowledge and fill in<,>or =.

4.1 4 5 size 12{ { { size 8{4} } over { size 8{5} } } } {} ____ 5 6 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{6} } } } {}

4.2 2 3 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{3} } } } {} ____ 4 5 size 12{ { { size 8{4} } over { size 8{5} } } } {}

4.3 5 6 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{6} } } } {} ____ 7 9 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{9} } } } {}

4.4 7 8 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{8} } } } {} ____ 6 7 size 12{ { { size 8{6} } over { size 8{7} } } } {}

To calculate by selecting and using operations [lo 1.8.3]

1. Split up into groups of three. See if you know how to solve the problems.

1.1 Gizelle and her twin brother, Donovan, receive pocket money every month. Gizelle saves two sixths of her pocket money. Donovan saves four ninths of his. Who saves most if they get the same amount of pocket money?

1.2 Mom likes making pancakes. She gives Jake and his friends three quarters to eat. Then Mom makes the same number of pancakes. She sends four fifths of the pancakes to school for Dimitri and his friends to enjoy. Who got the most pancakes from Mom?

1.3 Vusi and Sipho wrote the same test. Vusi answered four sevenths of the questions correctly. Sipho had five eighths right. Who did better in the test?

1.4 Two identical taxis transport passengers between Johannesburg and Pretoria. The one taxi is two thirds full, while the other one is three quarters full. Which taxi transports the most passengers?

Another BRAIN-TEASER!

Arrange the following fractions from biggest to smallest:

2 3 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{3} } } } {} ; 1 2 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {} ; 5 6 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{6} } } } {} ; 7 9 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{9} } } } {}

SIMPLIFYING

Did you know?

In order to write a fraction in its simplest form we divide the numerator and denominator by the same number. The value of the fraction does not change because we are actually dividing the fraction by 1.

E.g. 18 24 size 12{ { {"18"} over {"24"} } } {}
6
 6
= 3 4 size 12{ { {3} over {4} } } {} and 10 15 size 12{ { {"10"} over {"15"} } } {}
5
5
= 2 3 size 12{ { {2} over {3} } } {}

Activity 3:

To simplify common fractions [lo 1.3.2]

1. Now that you know how to simplify a fraction, see whether you can complete the following table:

Fraction ÷ by Simplified
E.g. 18 27 size 12{ { { size 8{"18"} } over { size 8{"27"} } } } {} 9 9 size 12{ { { size 8{9} } over { size 8{9} } } } {} 2 3 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{3} } } } {}
1.1 40 45 size 12{ { { size 8{"40"} } over { size 8{"45"} } } } {} .................. ..................
1.2 15 25 size 12{ { { size 8{"15"} } over { size 8{"25"} } } } {} .................. ..................
1.3 12 16 size 12{ { { size 8{"12"} } over { size 8{"16"} } } } {} .................. ..................
1.4 24 30 size 12{ { { size 8{"24"} } over { size 8{"30"} } } } {} .................. ..................
1.5 48 54 size 12{ { { size 8{"48"} } over { size 8{"54"} } } } {} .................. ..................

Activity 4:

To use a series of techniques to do calculations [lo 1.10.3]

1. In the previous modules you often rounded off whole numbers. Now we are going to round off mixed numbers to the nearest whole number. Connect the number in column A to the correct answer in column B.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10994/1.3
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