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The far east

The famous "Peking Man", unearthed in northern China, lived some 500,000 years ago and his use of fire allowed him to live north of the frost line. He appeared to have a brain capable of speech, an erect posture and was a hunter and nut-gatherer. He was an intermediary stage of early man, evolved beyond Homo habilis who had spread across Eurasia and Africa, and was definitely related to the Java man ( Pithecanthropus robustus ). Both have shovel-shaped incisors, a characteristic of the modern Mongoloid race. After this early interglacial period, north China had a series of evolutionary changes with Neanderthal-like types and the fully matured Mongoloid Homo sapiens appearing perhaps 20,000 years ago. In the latter part of this period, parts of south China were occupied by pro-humans with some Negroid racial characteristics. All East Asian stone age people used a distinctive chop- ping tool that differed from the technology of prehistoric Europe and Africa. Does this mean a multiple origin of present day mankind?

About 12,000 years ago China progressed to ceramics and the beginnings of agriculture. This Yang-shao Culture is represented in more than 1,000 excavated sites in Honan and Kansu provinces, with hand-molded red, black and gray pottery painted with pigments. A hunting culture existed in central China at that time.

At 20,000 B.C. there were land bridges from China to Korea and from Korea to the southern tip of Japan and people could go freely across these areas. The first people to arrive in Japan, however, did so some 100,000 years ago and were pre-Mongolian Asiatics, similar to the aborigines of Australia today. They were wandering hunters with pale complexions and heavy beards of varying colors and degrees of curliness. For the next 90,000 years, during the last of the Ice Ages, Japan was usually linked to the Asiatic mainland by the land bridges and island chains, so that Hokkaido was accessible to Siberia and Kyushu was accessible to Taiwan and Southeast Asia. With the melting of the glaciers some 10,000 years ago, Japan was cut off from the mainland and there were two surviving cultures, each with its own language - a Siberian one in the north, surviving today as Ainu, a distant relative of some tongue of the Siberian tundra, and the southern language, which has developed into modern Japanese. In the latter, some of the more ancient and basic words such as those for "mother", "father", etc., bear some slight resemblance to some Polynesian dialects and to some words of certain hill tribes of Malaya.

Pottery found in Fukin Cave, Kyushu, Japan has a radio-carbon dating of about 129700 B.C. and is considered to be the earliest in the world. The Jomon Period of Japan, with a hunting, fishing and gathering economy and the use of pottery but not metal, started about 12,000 B.C. and continued for the next 8,000 years. In this era Japan seems to have been isolated from China and had more in common with the Pacific Islands.

Java man, whose remains were found in the Brantas Valley of Java by Eugene Dubois, a Dutch doctor, in 1891, has been dated to 400, 000 B.C., and appears to be related to Peking man in China and has the same Mongoloid, shovel-shaped incisor teeth. Some 20,000 years ago there were land bridges all about the Malayan peninsula, through Sumatra, Java and Borneo and connecting all to the regions of present Cambodia and Vietnam, making the huge subcontinent called the Sunda Shelf. The people may have been the ancestors of present-day Negritos still occupying some remote regions of this area. Most were hunters, some lived in caves, and there were cultivated foods in Thailand as early as 10,000 B.C. There have been carbon datings of 9,750 B.C. of seeds of peas, beans, cucumbers and water chestnuts of the size and shape suggesting actual cultivation. If true, this was some 2,000 years before true agriculture can be proved in the Near East or Central America. About 250,000 years ago people may have walked across the then existing land bridge from the Malaysian peninsula and the Asian mainland to the Philippine Islands. The men there may have been akin to the Java and Peking men. Cave finds west of Mindanao show crude tools of 50,000 B.C. and in some areas there are better tools dating to 20,000 B.C. (Ref. 101 , 12 , 45 , 8 , 175 , 211 , 215 )

Additional Notes

Up to 10,000 years ago small bands of hunter-gatherers were widely scattered north to south from Vietnam to Sumatra and east-west from Burma to the Gulf of Tonkin. Spirit Cave excavations have shown a variety of game - deer, pigs, monkeys, bamboo rats, otters, flying squirrels and from the sea - carp and crabs. Nuts, beans and melons were also available. (Ref. 297 )

Forward to The Far East: 8000 to 5000 B.C.

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Questions & Answers

why one should read psychology
MAMATA Reply
cause of daibites is?
Suman
memory of development brain of the human psychologist
SERAJ Reply
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Ananya
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Shilan
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Daniella
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Shilan
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Daniella
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Jobe
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Tomasz
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Alter
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Alter
hi..!
Alter
yes we'll
Alter
yes we'll
Alter
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Suman
hi
Raynard
how did psychology begin?
Valerie Reply
of psychologys commencement, the traces can be seen in the work of Aristotle, where he talk about soul and body, likewise work in durrant, de anima, all these were somewhere supporting dualism, in which soul could exist separately from body
amaan
but if you talk about the moder psychology, Gustav fechner, is credited with performing scientific experiments, basis of his experiments in psychology with his studies perception.
amaan
hi, can you help me to find research related to child truma
Heba
yes same here I have cptsd and am looking for more info since my doctor doesn't know what to do I want to know what I can
Mark
does psychology deal with love?
Mohammed Reply
Maybe, i think
edem
I definitely would say yes
Clara
how so
Isaiah
*triarchic
Meredith
there are so many different reasons why you can fall in love with someone, many of them develope subconsciously -> psychology
Clara
love messes with the brain, a lot, ergo I believe that Psychology does indeed deal with love
I would like an example as to what and how you think it deals with.
Tyler
how can I discover that this individual has a long-term memory and shot- term memory?
Namuaha
yes,
Shonna
love as different feelings towards a person, an idea maybe , we can love an idea about a person or something so what am saying is that psychology doubtless deals and studies feelings wish love is one of
Johan
by testing his memory
Johan
psychology deals with love bcz basically psy deals with all kinds of feelings
Johan
love as different feelings towards a person, an idea maybe , we can love an idea about a person or something so what am saying is that psychology doubtless deals and studies feelings wish love is one of
Johan
what is synapse
Katie Reply
In the central nervous system, a synapse is a small gap at the end of a neuron that allows a signal to pass from one neuron to the next. synapse are found where nerve cells connect with other nerve cells
Najeem
a synapse the connection is where a neuron cell connects to another neuron cell.
Shaun
good
Jobe
what is psychology
Jobe
can you do auto book auto
Mariah Reply
WHT u mean?
usef
yes
MD
heyy, may i join the conversation please?
edem Reply
yes of course
Najeem
how to avoid theory of bias confirmation in real life
Scar
yes
Jobe
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Bhavin
hello to all
Genevieve
hey, may I join the conversation?
samra
salaam
Ibrahim
so i cn even do this after ba hons in psychology?
Avneet
the only eligibility criteria is that you should have 50% of aggregate in your psychology papers. (bachelors)
syeda
okay thank you so much❤ have a lovely day🙂
Avneet
you're welcome. glad it helped ^_^
syeda
To pursue a career as a psychotherapist you'll have to do your bachelors in psychology. (bsc honors is preferable). since there are many fields and you've chosen as a therapist. a masters degree in clinical psychology or therapy and family counseling is preferable.
syeda
so i cn even do this after ba hons in psychology?
Avneet
yes you can.
syeda
you're welcome. glad it helped ^_^
syeda
hello
Vhikkie
yh
Parker
hello
Avneet
is there any psychotherapist here? i need to know the qualification one hve to pursue.
Avneet
I'm clinic psychologist...
Shilan
Hey. I'm pursuing BA in Clinical Psychology
Aakarshan
the only eligibility criteria is that you should have 50% of aggregate in your psychology papers. (bachelors)
syeda
hello
Vhikkie
who is the father of psychology
Richy Reply
aristatil
Ramadevi
and please, how would you guys, describe the study of psychology at college ?
edem
psychologist student?
Aspen
i mean not yet but am about to start college so wanna know how is it(college in general and psychology course) please
edem
Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour. So if you will take psychology as a subject so you will get to know how your everything (physical, mental, social, spiritual aspects) effects your behaviour
sakina
With this brief knowledge you can help people to cope up with their problems and only you can guide them correctly
sakina
And if you go for further specialisations you can study hypnosis, face reading, body language etc
sakina
Thanks a lot🙏🏾 And ik some of the stuffs u said but i am also going to write thesis, right ?
edem
ok no prob, thanks a lot🙏🏾✨
edem
cerebellum
Khan
hae everyone, hope you are well this evning my question is what is the difference between drive and motivation
Michael
good question
Rainee
drive is more like an impulse or urge and i think they both go together (drive and motivation) even if there is a slight difference
edem
@ Michael Drive is delivered to be innate without the use of an external stimuli, motivation normally evolves an outside stimuli which may include praise, appreciate, or reward.
Reginald
*believed...sorry for typo
Reginald
@Reginald, can't the motivation come from the inner self?
edem
Good question, please give an example.
Reginald
can we say desire of success for example
edem
Wilhelm Wundt is the father of psychology
ipau
Wilhem Wundt thank you for the road that you opened.
Qwanta
You mean who is the father of having a great educated argumentative guess? nothing is more wrong than this question. The question is you should ask yourselfs is, how sure are you abour their scientific studying? one's percieved assimilated approach to judging another person and saying they are
Roger
the biggest problem with scientific research and data is that ya you could get the same result 1000 times then it could go the other way 1000 times, but we would never know that and we did, we would still say ya but the proof is there. The only thing science proves is that humanity has
Roger
no facts about human behavior in the scientific context, but more in the trial and error.. sorry to tell you, but so far no one has proven Father of anything, thats up to you and i, judgement is bias, science is good enough lazy
Roger
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain.
Jessy Reply
Anyone knows about Techno-fascism?
Hussein Reply
Ecofascism is a theoretical political model in which an authoritarian government would require individuals to sacrifice their own interests to the "organic whole of nature". The term is also used as a rhetorical pejorative to undermine the environmental movement.
ipau
what's the big difference between prejudice and discrimination?
Danice Reply
A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain group but not discriminate against them.  Also, prejudice includes all three components of an attitude (affective, behavioral and cognitive), whereas discrimination just involves behavior
Nancy Lee
hi
basher
hello
Rahul
what is all about cognitive development?
Kamohelo
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain
Jessy
cognitive development is a science that studies the development of human being from pregnancy to childhood to adulthood to death _ human cycle life _ it study the wag we develop mentally and physically, behaviors and learning...
Johan
Prejudice has to do with the inflexible and irrational attitudes and opinions held by members of one group about another, while discriminationrefers to behaviors directed against another group. Beingprejudiced usually means having preconceived beliefs about groups of people or cultural practices.
Shonna
hah
lord
cognitive development is a science that studies the development of human being from pregnancy to childhood to adulthood to death _ human cycle life _ it study the wag we develop mentally and physically, behaviors and learning...
Johan
what's stereotyping?
Samantha
and what kind of app is this ? I have already signed out yet your messages keep on popping
jewel
how do you control a variable when using spss whilst running a pearsons correlation analysis?
Jessie Reply
it dependa on your study. according to what you want to say and explain your result
Pouran
Hello
Jobe
why does it say her and she
Jayla Reply
stages of cognitive development
brivia Reply
sensory preoperatinal concrete formal
Rajendra
What's mental memory?
Namuaha
Memory is our ability to encode, store, retain and subsequently recall information and past experiences in the human brain. It can be thought of in general terms as the use of past experience to affect or influence current behaviour.
Shilan
What I mental memory?
Namuaha
What's mental memory?
Namuaha
my thankful
Namuaha
Shilan I love your definition
Jobe
what is psychology
Chethani Reply
the study of insecurities and the effect on the host .
Sera
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior & mental processes
Angela
psychology is science about learning human behaviour
Zhamshid
behaviorosm
Khan
is the study of human behaviour and mental processes
Jobe
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Source:  OpenStax, A comprehensive outline of world history. OpenStax CNX. Nov 30, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10595/1.3
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