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Afrikaans huistaal

Graad 7

Module 11

Mark shuttleworth

Mark shuttleworth - die man in die wolke

Op 25 April 2002 is 'n vuurpyl vanaf Baikonoer gelanseer en minder as agt minute later het dit die aarde se atmosfeer verlaat. Sover as wat die oog kon sien, was die ganse woestyn bedek met vroeë lenteblommetjies – ‘n veelkleurige tapyt wat gestrek het tot op die horison. Die enkele wit rookpluim wat deur die vuurpyl agtergelaat is, en bokant die blommeplaat uitgestyg het, kon vir kilometers ver gesien word. Binne in die klein en beknopte kapsule wat deel van die vuurpyl uitmaak, was 'n span van drie ruimtereisigers, die Rus en ook die vlugkaptein, Juri Gidzenko, Roberto Vittori, die Italiaanse vlugingenieur, en Mark Shuttleworth, die Suid-Afrikaanse internet-miljoenêr. Die posisie wat hy tydens die vlug beklee het, was dié van tweede vlugingenieur. Die hoof verskil tussen hom en sy twee mede-ruimtemanne was dat hy R208 miljoen uit sy eie sak betaal het vir die voorreg om die ruimtereis te kon meemaak. Mark Shuttleworth was nie net 'n ruimtetoeris nie; trouens, hy het 'n sleutelstap verder gegaan: hy het homself maande voor die tyd aan 'n streng en byna moordende ruimte-opleidingsprogram onderwerp.

Opdrag 1:

Om as ‘n groep te dink en te redeneer

[lu 5.1.4]

  1. Groepbespreking
  1. Oor watter persoonlikheidseienskappe moet 'n ruimtevaarder beskik?
  2. Hoekom?
  3. Sal jy met jou persoonlikheidseienskappe 'n ruimtevaarder kan word?

Baikonoer : poort na die sterre

Toe die eerste werkspanne in 1955 begin het met die konstruksie van wat vandag bekend staan as Baikonoer, die dorp vanwaar die Russe hul ruimtetuie lanseer, het hulle nie geweet wat hulle bou nie. Aanvanklik het dit bloot bekend gestaan as Terrein 10. Die posadres was Moskou-400, maar die werkers was in die woestyn van Kazachstan, 2 300 km suidoos van die hoofstad.

Op die vlaktes rondom Terrein 10 het die ander "terreine" een vir een vorm aangeneem. Terrein 9 was 'n sementfabriek en Terrein 15 was 'n aanloopbaan vir vliegtuie. Die Sowjet-elite is by Terrein 17 in luukse akkommodasie gehuisves. Terrein 3 was 'n vuurpylbrandstoffabriek. En toe, in 1956, Terrein 10.

Om mee te begin, is 'n enorme trog in die grond gegrawe, blykbaar die grootste mensgemaakte gat in die wêreld. Rondom die gat is vier reuse-pilare opgerig met 'n dik betonblad bo-op. Dit sou dien as die lanseerblad waarvandaan Spoetnik in 1957, en Joeri Gagarin in 1961 gelanseer is.

Na Gagarin se historiese vlug moes die Sowjet-Unie die naam van die lanseerterrein aan die Internasionale Lugvaartfederasie bekend maak sodat dit amptelik as vlugrekord erken kon word. Die politieke base van die Sowjet-Unie wou aanvanklik die ligging van Terrein 10 geheim hou, en het die naam van die naaste dorp ingedien - Baikonoer, 'n myndorpie 300 km verder.

Vir bykans veertig jaar was Baikonoer sinoniem met die Russiese ruimteprogram. Ten spyte van die feit dat die dorp die afgelope klompie jare erg verval het, is dit nog steeds die episentrum van die Russiese bemande ruimteprogram.

By die ingangshek is 'n sekuriteitshuisie met die woorde "Poort na die sterre" teen die muur. In die dorre woestynlandskap anderkant die heining is daar 15 lanseerterreine, monteeraanlegte, antennevelde, aanloopbane, beheersentrums, lanseerblaaie en spoorlyne.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11016/1.1
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