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Scale-invariant feature results

Sift results on image of rice

Rice SIFT
The curves are well detected but horizontal and vertical lines are lost.

Sift results on bibo bear

A dog sitting on a bed
The words BIBO can be seen on the bear's chest.

Sift results on president leebron

A dog sitting on a bed
It is evident that it is the image of a person.

Although SIFT is extremely useful, it cannot easily find vertical or horizontal lines because they are not considered feature points. Since our image templates were made up of almost all straight lines, we had a significant issue. Due to time constraints we chose to implement the edge functions in MatLab. Instead of passing the results of SIFT into the Hough Transform and Moment of Inertia we passed the results of the edge functions in MatLab.

Results of matlab functions

Results of passing a test image into matlab edge functions

A dog sitting on a bed

Clearly the edge results from matlab are much more suited to our type of test images.

Hough transform results

A dog sitting on a bed
The Hough Transform of the template image.

A dog sitting on a bed

A dog sitting on a bed

Even with noise same peaks are found.

A dog sitting on a bed

A dog sitting on a bed
Same peaks are found with noise.

A dog sitting on a bed

A dog sitting on a bed

With this amount of noise the peaks are still found. As long as the noise does not interfere with the edges the peaks will always be found. However, if the edges are lost then the Hough Peaks will be incorrect.

Moment of inertia results

Description of steps in demo

  1. Read in the image as a matrix of type ‘double’ and turn it into a logical array (im2bw function)
  2. Using bwboundaries functions, find all connected boundaries (default is 4-connectedness of pixel)
  3. Iterate through all closed boundaries and mask all pixels within boundary to be 1 and 0 outside the boundary
  4. Find the moment of inertia of the masked images which is normalized by the square total number of pixels

A dog sitting on a bed

Moment of inertia method on simple image

A dog sitting on a bed

Moment of Inertia Method works perfectly on a test image without overlaps where the shapes are significantly different.

However, bwboundaries returns closed boundaries which would create problems when you have intersection of lines.

Moment of inertia method on image with overlaps

A dog sitting on a bed

We can clearly see from the previous images that the function now detects 4 objects instead of the three that we are interested in, shown below as the two larger squares traced out by red outline and the smaller one filled by the color green.

A dog sitting on a bed

Moment of inertia method on image with similar shapes

A dog sitting on a bed

In the above image, objects in the top right and top left corners of the subplots differ in moment of inertia by 0.703%, in spite of having drastically different shapes. However, we note that such algorithm would only produce false positive.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Elec 301 projects fall 2014. OpenStax CNX. Jan 09, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11734/1.2
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