<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Arts and culture

Grade 9

Expression and communication

Module 8

Subcultures in terms of arts and culture


Activity 1 (individual/group work)

to IDENTIFY subcultures in terms of arts and culture, and to discuss how they influence fashions


A subculture is a subsection of a specific culture. In traditional Western culture, there are several subcultures whose members have their own way of dressing and talking, specific music preferences and a certain type of pastime. Subcultures are not restricted by religious preferences or religions.

The teen culture of today includes a variety of subcultures such as 'ravers', 'skaters', 'surfers', 'punkers', 'grungers', 'metalheads', and 'hackers'.

One of the most popular and influential subcultures amongst teenagers is the hip-hop culture.

During the late 1970’s, a new and distinctive sound was heard in the streets of New York. It was the sound of hip-hop and now, more than twenty years later, it has become a world wide cultural force. Hip-hop, to make it simple, is when the DJ mixes rhythmical sections of different albums on the turntable while a rapper raps.

Hip-hop is, however, a culture of its own, with its own language, lyrical style, graffiti, dance movements and clothing.

Just like various other subcultures, hip-hop is not limited to certain cultural groups. It flourishes in cities or rural areas.

Hip-hop fashions feature a variety of colours, styles and creativity. In the hip-hop culture, this is known as 'fragrance' (taste). To have fragrance you have to dress according to the latest fashions. The clothing includes huge, baggy pants, massive sports sweaters, and very expensive training shoes/sneakers, usually Nikes. Other big brand names also associated with hip-hop are Versace, Tommy Hilfiger, Guess en Polo by Ralph Lauren. In 1994 Snoop Doggy Dogg performed in Saturday Night Live dressed in Tommy Hilfiger clothes from top to bottom. The sales of Tommy Hilfiger escalated with $90 million that year. Other rap artists like Q-Tip of A Tribe Called Quest sang in their lyrics, "And others couldn't figga, How me and Hilfigga, Used to move through with vigga."

By 1993 the rave culture, which had originated in Manchester England, had become a national phenomenon in the United States. The music for rave, almost like hip-hop, is also a mixture of existing recordings, which are mixed by the DJ. Mike Szabo, a New York raver, summarised the music in the following words: "The music at raves is live. Although the music is pre-recorded, a disk jockey working at the mixing table is performing the music for a live audience.” This mixing technique had a huge influence on art, especially graphic design.

Designers increasingly began to manipulate existing images of pictures and letter types. Typical rave designers took the material of advertisements, television, commercial packaging and cartoon strips to provide the manufactures with “new" designs. Designers of flyers often used well-known brand names, which are therefore known to the public, to make fun of and to promote underground quasi "secret" rave events. This process they "borrowed" from Pop Art (a movement of the 1960's and 1970's) and the younger generation in the rave culture "re"-discovered it. They were fascinated by what commercial icons could do to influence the attitude of a subculture.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 9' conversation and receive update notifications?