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Arts and culture

Grade 9

Expression and communication

Module 8

Subcultures in terms of arts and culture

VISUAL ART

Activity 1 (individual/group work)

to IDENTIFY subcultures in terms of arts and culture, and to discuss how they influence fashions

  • READING THE PASSAGE BELOW AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW.

A subculture is a subsection of a specific culture. In traditional Western culture, there are several subcultures whose members have their own way of dressing and talking, specific music preferences and a certain type of pastime. Subcultures are not restricted by religious preferences or religions.

The teen culture of today includes a variety of subcultures such as 'ravers', 'skaters', 'surfers', 'punkers', 'grungers', 'metalheads', and 'hackers'.

One of the most popular and influential subcultures amongst teenagers is the hip-hop culture.

During the late 1970’s, a new and distinctive sound was heard in the streets of New York. It was the sound of hip-hop and now, more than twenty years later, it has become a world wide cultural force. Hip-hop, to make it simple, is when the DJ mixes rhythmical sections of different albums on the turntable while a rapper raps.

Hip-hop is, however, a culture of its own, with its own language, lyrical style, graffiti, dance movements and clothing.

Just like various other subcultures, hip-hop is not limited to certain cultural groups. It flourishes in cities or rural areas.

Hip-hop fashions feature a variety of colours, styles and creativity. In the hip-hop culture, this is known as 'fragrance' (taste). To have fragrance you have to dress according to the latest fashions. The clothing includes huge, baggy pants, massive sports sweaters, and very expensive training shoes/sneakers, usually Nikes. Other big brand names also associated with hip-hop are Versace, Tommy Hilfiger, Guess en Polo by Ralph Lauren. In 1994 Snoop Doggy Dogg performed in Saturday Night Live dressed in Tommy Hilfiger clothes from top to bottom. The sales of Tommy Hilfiger escalated with $90 million that year. Other rap artists like Q-Tip of A Tribe Called Quest sang in their lyrics, "And others couldn't figga, How me and Hilfigga, Used to move through with vigga."

By 1993 the rave culture, which had originated in Manchester England, had become a national phenomenon in the United States. The music for rave, almost like hip-hop, is also a mixture of existing recordings, which are mixed by the DJ. Mike Szabo, a New York raver, summarised the music in the following words: "The music at raves is live. Although the music is pre-recorded, a disk jockey working at the mixing table is performing the music for a live audience.” This mixing technique had a huge influence on art, especially graphic design.

Designers increasingly began to manipulate existing images of pictures and letter types. Typical rave designers took the material of advertisements, television, commercial packaging and cartoon strips to provide the manufactures with “new" designs. Designers of flyers often used well-known brand names, which are therefore known to the public, to make fun of and to promote underground quasi "secret" rave events. This process they "borrowed" from Pop Art (a movement of the 1960's and 1970's) and the younger generation in the rave culture "re"-discovered it. They were fascinated by what commercial icons could do to influence the attitude of a subculture.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
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