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Operations on arrays

Read the elements of a 1-dimensional array:

float a[10]; // declare a float array of size 10int i; // read the second element of the array : a[1]scanf(“%f”,&a[1]);// Assign an expression to the third element of the array a[2]= a[1] + 5;

To read the value for each element of an array, you should use for statement. For example,

int b[10];int i; // Read the value for each element of the arrayfor(i = 0; i<10; i++) {printf(“\n Enter the value of b[%d]”, i);scanf(“%d”,&b[i]);}

In case you do not now the exact number of elements, declare the maximum number of elements and use a variable to store the actual size of the array

int a[100]; // Declare the array with the number of elements not greater than 100int n; // n is the actual size of the array int i;printf(“\n Enter the number of elements: “); scanf(“%d”,&n); for(i = 0; i<n; i++) {printf("\n a[%d] = ", i);scanf("%d",&a[i]);}

C allow you to associate initializers with specific elements . To specify a certain element to initialize, place its index in square brackets. In other words, the general form of an element designator for array elements is:

int a[4] = {4, 9, 22, 16};float b[3] = {40.5, 20.1, 100};char c[5] = {‘h’, ‘e’, ‘l’, ‘l’, ‘o’};

The first statement is equivalent to four assign statements

a[0] = 4; a[1]= 9; a[2] = 22; a[3]= 16;

Printing array elements

printf function are used to print the element of an array. In the following example, we print the element of array a in different ways

#include<stdio.h>#include<conio.h>void main() {int a[5];int i, k; // Read the elements of the arrayfor(i = 0; i<5; i++) {printf(“\n a[%d] = “, i);scanf(“%d”,&a[i]);} // print the value of element a[3]printf(“\n a[3]= %d”, a[3]);// Display all the elements of array a, each element in a line. for(i = 0; i<5; i++) printf(“\n%d”, a[i]); // Display all the elements of array a in a lineprintf(“\n”); // change to a new line for(i = 0; i<5; i++) printf(“%d “, a[i]); // Display all the elements of array a, k elements in a lineprintf(“\n Enter the value of k = “); scanf(“%d”,&k); for(i = 0; i<5; i++) {printf(“%d “,a[i]);if((i+1)%k == 0) // change to a new line after printing k //elementsprintf(“\n”); }getch(); }

here is the sample session with the above program

a[0] = 6a[1] = 14a[2] = 23a[3] = 37a[4] = 9a[3] = 376 1423 379 6 14 23 37 9Input the value of k = 2 6 1423 37 9

Find the maximum value stored in the array.

The purpose of this function is to find the maximum value stored in the array

  • Set up a trial minimum value. The function begins by declaring a variable named min and initializing that variable with a trial minimum value – value of the first element .
  • Then the function uses a while loop to:
    • Fetch the value stored in each element in the array
    • Compare each of those values with the current value stored in the variable named max
    • Possibly replace if the value fetched from an element is algebraically greater than the current value stored in max:
    • The value fetched from the element is stored in the variable named max
    • Replacing the value that was previously stored in the variable named max by the new value from the element.
  • When all of the array elements have been examined and processed in this manner, the variable named max will contain the maximum value of all the values stored in the array.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to computer science. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10776/1.1
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