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Arts and culture

Grade 9

Expression and communication

Module 7

Warming up to music



Dancing moves us. It excites us. It reveals to us aspects of life and human emotion. As with any art, the true purpose of dancing must always remain the expression of human feeling. Dancing is an expressive action – special, rhythmic, accented. A dance must convey meaning or power.

In this module, we will discover how dance is shaped by and reflects the values of the times and how it is influenced by music, place, fashion and technology.

Activity 1

To warm up properly for dancing

Before you can start creating your dance routine, your body must be properly warmed up to prevent injury and to prepare you for the activities to follow.

Warming up can be done to music. Choose music you feel comfortable with that is not too fast.

  • Stand with feet a hip-width apart, arms at your sides.
  • Lift arms above the head while inhaling through the nose.
  • Exhaling through the mouth, drop arms and bend knees at the same time.
  • Repeat four times.
  • Limber from side to side on one spot.
  • Lift both arms up and out to the sides on the beat while keeping the limbering movement. Repeat eight times.
  • Retain limbering movement drop arms. Rotate alternate shoulders. Repeat eight times.
  • Retain limbering movement. Rotate shoulders in other direction. Repeat eight times.
  • With knees and feet facing forward, bend and straighten knees while pushing buttocks out. Repeat eight times.
  • With knees and feet facing forward, bend knees - buttocks out. Place hands on knees, contract back (like a cat) and release. Repeat eight times.
  • Retaining above position, lift toes alternately keeping heels on the floor. Repeat eight times.
  • Lift heels alternately. Repeat eight times.
  • Open legs wider and place hands on hips. With knees and feet facing outwards, lunge from side to side keeping feet firmly on the floor. Repeat eight times.
  • Lunge to the right and hold for four beats.
  • Lunge to the left and hold for four beats.

Return to plié position (knees bent, knees and feet facing outwards). With hands on hips, bend and straighten knees. Repeat eight times.

  • Keeping legs open and knees bent and lift feet alternately. Repeat eight times.
  • Bring feet together and walk on the spot (eight counts).
  • Combine walking on the spot while opening and closing legs (eight counts).
  • Walk on the spot and lift arms up and down. Repeat eight times.
  • Walk on the spot and repeat breathing exercise.

Warming up shouldn’t last longer than five minutes.

You should be breathing normally throughout the warm-up.

Activity 2

To describe and perform HIP-HOP

Hip Hop dancing is a variety of dances put together – modern, jazz, African etc. – which moves away from the classical and technical. This form of dance has its roots on the street and the clubs became the classrooms of Hip Hop.

Derived from the Rap movement, Hip-Hop is physical, abstract, undefined, soulful and follows the drummer’s beat. Depending on the mood of the music, the arm movements can be either loose or stylised, but always exaggerated. Technically, there are no new steps, only different interpretations of steps done with exuberant amounts of energy. The relationship between the dance and music is of vital importance and creates a drama of the human body as all movements are valid and have a place in the dance.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
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Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
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for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
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