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Exercise a

Introduction

As you have seen in the material above, justice can be at least partially derived from an imagined social contract where rationally self-interested individuals negotiate how society should distribute access to primary goods such as (1) liberties and rights, (2) opportunities and powers, and (3) wages and wealth. Social contract theory thus devises a negotiation whose end result generates principles and procedures of distributive justice. In this activities section, you will carry out two different versions of the social contract, one without what Rawls terms a veil of ignorance and the other under the veil of ignorance.

First, you will participate in a natural lottery. From a hat (or box) you will draw one of the following:

    The natural lottery

  • You (or your group) has been born as a woman
  • You (or your group) has been born as Michael Jordan. (You have talents that would make you an excellent basketball player if these are properly developed.
  • You (or your group) has been born as Albert Hirschmann, a German of Jewish dissent who comes of age in the 1930s in Nazi Germany. You have extraordinary mental talents and have a good preliminary education but are now living in a world where people of your descent are the objects of persecution.
  • You (or your group) has been born as a graduate from the Harvard MBA program.
  • You (or your group) has been born in a nation that occupies what is now called the "Global South." (Haiti would be a good example.)
  • You (or your group) has been born as a Black man who has always lived in Detroit, MI.

    Some key assumptions to guide you all through the negotiation process.

  • Your group has interests that need to be protected in this process. You can try to integrate interests, compromise interests, or tradeoff interests with one another.
  • You and the other parties to the contract are rationally self-interested. As such you are interested in maximizing access to Primary Goods such as rights and liberties, opportunities and powers, income and wealth.
  • You are willing to accept constraints to your primary goods but only if other groups also do so. In other words, you should not unilaterally give up your group’s access to any primary goods since these compose rational-self interest and are also essential to survival.
  • This contract is supposedly neutral as to different conceptions of the self, for example, whether the self is essentially or non-essentially related to any community. But it tends in the direction of what MacPherson terms “possessive individualism.” In this case, there is a human nature that is prior to an independent of any relation to other individuals or to a community. Hobbes reduces this human nature to acquisitiveness or unlimited desire. Locke and Rousseau see a “fellow feeling” as balancing or checking acquisitive desire.

Negotiate a new social contract with the other groups.

Negotiate a contract whose structure represents the best procedure for distributing goods, risks, and harms among the different stakeholders listed in one. Be prepared to defend your contract against claims that it privileges one of these groups over another.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection of ethics modules for civis. OpenStax CNX. Feb 26, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11493/1.1
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