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Social sciences: history

Grade 7

The great trek moves boundaries

Module 6

The voortrekkers in natal

When Dingane succeeded Shaka in 1828, the Zulu Empire was the strongest in Africa. In November 1837, Retief, accompanied by Thomas Halstead, a British trader who acted as interpreter, went to Mgungundlovu – the place of the king. Retief wanted to negotiate with Dingane about land south of the Tugela River on which the Trekkers could build houses.

The Zulus saw the Voortrekkers as a serious threat, but were uncertain about how to act against them. In order to test them, Dingane then sent Retief to bring back livestock which the Tlokoa chief, Sekonyela (who also made use of horses and rifles), had stolen. Meanwhile, some Voortrekkers began crossing the Drakensberg without Retief or Dingane’s permission.

Retief, or Litivu as the Zulus called him, did as Dingane asked. Under the guise of fitting gloves for Sekonyela, he was bound and more than 700 cattle, as well as horses and weapons were taken. Back at the camp, the older, sick Maritz offered to go to Dingane instead of Retief. When Retief refused this offer, they asked him to take fewer men with him, seeing that they did not trust Dingane.

Retief, however, believed that he had nothing to fear and took with him about 70 men and 30 helpers because he believed he had made a good impression on the Zulus. He wanted to show Dingane that the Voortrekkers were a force to be reckoned with. They even fired a few shots outside the main kraal to announce their arrival. Dingane’s stolen livestock, without Sekonyela’s weapons, were returned.

The treaty between the Zulu and the Voortrekkers was signed on 4 February 1838.

TREATY

From: Matthews J. 1882. Discovery History . Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, Cape Town

Activity 1:

To distinguish between facts and opinions on people and events in natalia

[lo 3.2]

  • On the morning of 6 February 1838 Retief and his men were warned by the Reverend Owen, the missionary who lived just outside Mgungundlovu, that Dingane and his men were going to kill them. Shortly before their departure, Retief and his men were summoned to the main kraal, so that Dingane could entertain them and greet them. According to tradition, they went unarmed.
  • While the Voortrekkers were drinking beer and watching the Zulu dancing, Dingane called out that the “magicians” (Trekkers) had to be killed.

a) Give the correct answers in response to the following source material:

On Tuesday 6 February 1838 Owen wrote in his diary:

  • This is a ______________________ source.
  • _______________left it behind.
  • It originated on _______ February 18____________
  • It was written after ________________
  • This evidence is important (or unimportant), because _________
  • Supply a fact and an opinion from the source.
  • What else do you want to know?

Here follows an exciting exercise where you’ll have the chance to evaluate historical sources in order to solve the following “riddle”!

b) Why were Piet Retief and his people murdered?

Source A:

Retief was one of the greatest heroes in South African history. However, it remains a mystery why a man with such experience and intelligence could so easily have been misled by Dingane.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
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Crow Reply
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RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
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Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
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Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
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Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
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Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
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Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
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Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11023/1.1
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