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Now to detect a non sequitur , unless it leads to an unwelcome conclusion, is as much beyond thepower of [79] the average reader as it is beyond the power of theaverage writer to attach ideas to his own words when those words are terms of textual criticism. I will therefore substitute otherterms, terms to which ideas must be attached; and I invite consideration of this maxim and this ratiocination:

"A bullet-wound is, speaking generally, comparatively an uncommon cause of death, and weshould therefore be loth to assume it in a given case."
Should we? Should we be loth to assume a bullet-wound as the cause ofdeath if the given case were death on a battlefield? and should we be loth to do so for the reason alleged, that a bullet-woundis, speaking generally, comparatively an uncommon cause of death? Ought we to assume instead the commonest cause of death,and assign death on a battlefield to tuberculosis? What would be thought of a counsellor who enjoined that method of procedure?Well, it would probably be thought that he was a textual critic strayed from home.

Why is interpolation comparatively uncommon? For the same reason that bullet-woundsare: because the opportunity for it is comparatively uncommon. Interpolation is provoked by real or supposed difficulties, and isnot frequently volunteered where all is plain sailing; whereas accidental alteration may happen anywhere. Every letter of everyword lies exposed to it, and that is the sole reason why accidental alteration is more common. In a given case whereeither assumption is possible, the assumption of interpolation is equally probable, nay more probable; because action with a motiveis more probable than action without a motive. The truth therefore is that in such a case we should be loth to assumeaccident and should rather assume interpolation; and the circumstance that such cases are comparatively uncommon is noreason for behaving irrationally when they occur.

There is one special province of textual criticism, a large and important province, which is concerned with [80]the establishment of rules of grammar and of metre. Those rules arein part traditional, and given us by the ancient grammarians; but in part they are formed by our own induction from what we find inthe MSS. of Greek and Latin authors; and even the traditional rules must of course be tested by comparison with the witness ofthe MSS. But every rule, whether traditional or framed from induction, is sometimes broken by the MSS.; it may be by few, itmay be by many; it may be seldom, it may be often; and critics may then say that the MSS. are wrong and may correct them inaccordance with the rule. The state of affairs is apparently, nay evidently, paradoxical. The MSS. are the material upon which webase our rule, and then, when we have got our rule, we turn round upon the MSS. and say that the rule, based upon them, convicts them of error. We are thus working in a circle, that is a factwhich there is no denying; but, as Lachmann says, the task of the critic is just this, to tread that circle deftly and warily; andthat is precisely what elevates the critic's business above mere mechanical labour. The difficulty is one which lies in the natureof the case, and is inevitable; and the only way to surmount it is just to be a critic.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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