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Now to detect a non sequitur , unless it leads to an unwelcome conclusion, is as much beyond thepower of [79] the average reader as it is beyond the power of theaverage writer to attach ideas to his own words when those words are terms of textual criticism. I will therefore substitute otherterms, terms to which ideas must be attached; and I invite consideration of this maxim and this ratiocination:

"A bullet-wound is, speaking generally, comparatively an uncommon cause of death, and weshould therefore be loth to assume it in a given case."
Should we? Should we be loth to assume a bullet-wound as the cause ofdeath if the given case were death on a battlefield? and should we be loth to do so for the reason alleged, that a bullet-woundis, speaking generally, comparatively an uncommon cause of death? Ought we to assume instead the commonest cause of death,and assign death on a battlefield to tuberculosis? What would be thought of a counsellor who enjoined that method of procedure?Well, it would probably be thought that he was a textual critic strayed from home.

Why is interpolation comparatively uncommon? For the same reason that bullet-woundsare: because the opportunity for it is comparatively uncommon. Interpolation is provoked by real or supposed difficulties, and isnot frequently volunteered where all is plain sailing; whereas accidental alteration may happen anywhere. Every letter of everyword lies exposed to it, and that is the sole reason why accidental alteration is more common. In a given case whereeither assumption is possible, the assumption of interpolation is equally probable, nay more probable; because action with a motiveis more probable than action without a motive. The truth therefore is that in such a case we should be loth to assumeaccident and should rather assume interpolation; and the circumstance that such cases are comparatively uncommon is noreason for behaving irrationally when they occur.

There is one special province of textual criticism, a large and important province, which is concerned with [80]the establishment of rules of grammar and of metre. Those rules arein part traditional, and given us by the ancient grammarians; but in part they are formed by our own induction from what we find inthe MSS. of Greek and Latin authors; and even the traditional rules must of course be tested by comparison with the witness ofthe MSS. But every rule, whether traditional or framed from induction, is sometimes broken by the MSS.; it may be by few, itmay be by many; it may be seldom, it may be often; and critics may then say that the MSS. are wrong and may correct them inaccordance with the rule. The state of affairs is apparently, nay evidently, paradoxical. The MSS. are the material upon which webase our rule, and then, when we have got our rule, we turn round upon the MSS. and say that the rule, based upon them, convicts them of error. We are thus working in a circle, that is a factwhich there is no denying; but, as Lachmann says, the task of the critic is just this, to tread that circle deftly and warily; andthat is precisely what elevates the critic's business above mere mechanical labour. The difficulty is one which lies in the natureof the case, and is inevitable; and the only way to surmount it is just to be a critic.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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