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This I cite as a specimen of the things which people may say if they do not think about the meaning of what theyare saying, and especially as an example of the danger of dealing in generalisations. The best way to treat such pretentiousinanities is to transfer them from the sphere of textual criticism, where the difference between truth and falsehood or between senseand nonsense is little regarded and seldom even perceived, into some sphere where men are obliged to use concrete and sensuousterms, which force them, however reluctantly, to think.

I ask this scholar, this critic who knows his business, and who says that the more sincere of two MSS. is andmust be the better—I ask him to tell me which weighs most, a tall man or a fat man. He cannot answer; nobody can; everybodysees in a moment that the question is absurd. Tall and fat are adjectives which transport even a textual critic from the worldof humbug into the world of reality, a world inhabited by comparatively thoughtful people, such as butchers and grocers,who depend on their brains for their bread. There he begins to understand that to such general questions any answer must befalse; that judgment can only be pronounced on individual specimens; that everything depends on the degree of tallness andthe degree of fatness. It may well be that an inch of girth [76]adds more weight than an inch of height, or vice versa; but that altitude is incomparably more ponderous than obesity, orobesity than altitude, and that an inch of one depresses the scale more than a yard of the other, has never been maintained.The way to find out whether this tall man weighs more or less than that fat man is to weigh them; and the way to find outwhether this corrupt MS. is better or worse than that interpolated MS. is to collect and compare their readings; notto ride easily off on the false and ridiculous generalisation that the more sincere MS. is and must be the better.

When you call a MS. sincere you instantly engage on its behalf the moral sympathy of the thoughtless: moral sympathy is a line in which they are verystrong. I do not desire to exclude morality from textual criticism; I wish indeed that some moral qualities were commonerin textual criticism than they are; but let us not indulge our moral emotions out of season. It may be that a scribe whointerpolates, who makes changes deliberately, is guilty of wickedness, while a scribe who makes changes accidentally, becausehe is sleepy or illiterate or drunk, is guilty of none; but that is a question which will be determined by a competent authority atthe Day of Judgment, and is no concern of ours. Our concern is not with the eternal destiny of the scribe, but with the temporalutility of the MS.; and a MS. is useful or the reverse in proportion to the amount of truth which it discloses or conceals,no matter what may be the causes of the disclosure or concealment. It is a mistake to suppose that deliberate change is always ornecessarily more destructive of truth than accidental change; and even if it were, the main question, as I have said already, is oneof degree. A MS. in which 1 per cent. of the words have beenviciously and intentionally altered and 99 per cent. are right is not so bad as a MS. in which only 1 per cent. are right and 99 percent. have been altered virtuously and unintentionally; and if you go to a critic with any such vague inquiry as the question whetherthe"more sincere"or the"more [77] correct"of two MSS. is the better, he will reply,"If I am to answer that question, you must show me the two MSS. first; for aught thatI know at present, from the terms of your query, either may be better than the other, or both may be equal."But that is what the incompetent intruders into criticism can never admit.They must have a better MS., whether it exists or no; because they could never get along without one. IfProvidence permitted two MSS. to be equal, the editor would have to choose between their readings by considerations of intrinsicmerit, and in order to do that he would need to acquire intelligence and impartiality and willingness to take pains, andall sorts of things which he neither has nor wishes for; and he feels sure that God, who tempers the wind to the shorn lamb, cannever have meant to lay upon his shoulders such a burden as this.

Questions & Answers

what is the meaning of function in economics
Effah Reply
Pls, I need more explanation on price Elasticity of Supply
Isaac Reply
Is the degree to the degree of responsiveness of a change in quantity supplied of goods to a change in price
Afran
Discuss the short-term and long-term balance positions of the firm in the monopoly market?
Rabindranath Reply
hey
Soumya
hi
Mitiku
how are you?
Mitiku
can you tell how can i economics honurs(BSC) in reputed college?
Soumya
through hard study and performing well than expected from you
Mitiku
what should i prepare for it?
Soumya
prepare first, in psychologically as well as potentially to sacrifice what's expected from you, when I say this I mean that you have to be ready, for every thing and to accept failure as a good and you need to change them to potential for achievement of ur goals
Mitiku
parna kya hai behencho?
Soumya
Hallo
Rabindranath
Hello, dear what's up?
Mitiku
cool
Momoh
good morning
Isaac
pls, is anyone here from Ghana?
Isaac
Hw s every one please
Afran
Ys please I'm in Ghana
Afran
what is firms
Anteyi Reply
A firm is a business entity which engages in the production of goods and aimed at making profit.
Avuwada
What is autarky in Economics.
Avuwada
what is choice
Tia Reply
So how is the perfect competition different from others
Rev Reply
what is choice
Tia
please what type of commodity is 1.Beaf 2.Suagr 3.Bread
Alfred Reply
1
Naziru
what is the difference between short run and long run?
Ukpen Reply
It just depends on how far you would like to run!!!🤣🤣🤣
Anna
meaning? You guys need not to be playing here; if you don't know a question, leave it for he that knows.
Ukpen
pls is question from which subject or which course
Ada
Is this not economics?
Ukpen
This place is meant to be for serious educational matters n not playing ground so pls let's make it a serious place.
Docky
Is there an economics expert here?
Docky
Okay and I was being serous
Anna
The short run is a period of time in which the quantity of at least one inputs is fixed...
Anna
that is the answer that I found online and in my text book
Anna
Elacisity
salihu
Meaning of economics
Suraj Reply
It will creates rooms for an effective demands.
Chinedum Reply
different between production and supply
babsnof
Hii
Suraj
hlo
eshita
What is the economic?
Suraj
Economics is a science which study human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which has an alternative use.
Mr
what is supply
babsnof
what is different between demand and supply
Debless Reply
Demand refers to the quantity of products that consumers are willing to purchase at various prices per time while Supply has to do with the quantity of products suppliers are willing to supply at various prices per time. find the difference in between
Saye
Please what are the effects of rationing Effect of black market Effects of hoarding
Atty Reply
monoply is amarket structure charecrized by asingle seller and produce a unique product in the market
Cali Reply
yes
Niraj
I want to know wen does the demand curve shift to the right
Nana
demand curve shifts to the right when there's an increase in price of a substitute or increase in income
kin
ask me anything in economics, I promise to try and do justice to the question, you can send me an email or message, I will answer
kin
what are the factor that change the curve right
Nana
explain the law of supply in simple .....
freshwater
the Law of supply: states that all factor being equal, when the price of a particular goods increase the supply will also increase, as it decreases the supply will also decrease
kin
@Nana the factor that changes or shift the d demand curve to the right is 1) the increase in price of a substitute good or commodity 2) increase in income
kin
you can send your questions I am Comr. Kin chukwuebuka
kin
different between bill of exchange n treasure bill
Nana
yes
Ada
so would you tell me what means an apportunity cost plz?
Cali
what is true cost
Akiti
your question isn't correct naadi
Anthonia
define an apportunity cost?
Cali
orukpe ,is my question whats wrong or u dont know anything?
Cali
In a simple term, it is an Alternative foregone.
Sule
opportunity cost is the next best value of a scale of preference
Akiti
Both of you are not correct.
Nelly
opportunity cost: is a forgone alternative
kin
Monopoly is where is one producer produces a given product with no close substitute
James
what is income effect?
Qwecou Reply
if you borrow $5000 to buy a car at 12 percent compounded monthly to be repaid over the next 4 year what is monthly payment
Nitish Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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