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But the application of thought to textual criticism is an action which ought to be within the power of anyone who canapply thought to anything. It is not, like the talent for textual criticism, a gift of nature, but it is a habit; and, like otherhabits, it can be formed. And, when formed, although it cannot fill the place of an absent talent, it can modify and minimise theill effects of the talent's absence. Because a man is not a born critic, he need not therefore act like a born fool; but when heengages in textual criticism he often does. There are reasons for everything, and there are reasons for this; and I will now setforth the chief of them. The fact that thought is not sufficiently applied to the subject I shall showhereafter by examples; but at present I consider the causes which bring that result about.

First, then, not only is a natural aptitude for the study rare, but so also is a genuine interest in it. Most people,and many scholars among them, find it rather dry and rather dull. Now if a subject bores us, we are apt to avoid the troubleof thinking about it; but if we do that, we had better go further and avoid also the trouble of writing about it. And that is whatEnglish scholars often did in the middle of the nineteenth century, when nobody in England wanted to hear about textualcriticism. This was not an ideal condition of affairs, but it had its compensation. The less one says about a subject which one doesnot understand, the less one will say about it which is foolish; and on this subject editors were allowed by public opinion to besilent if they chose. But public opinion is now aware that textual criticism, however repulsive, is nevertheless indispensable, andeditors find that some presence of dealing with the subject is obligatory; and in these circumstances they apply, not thought,but words, to textual criticism. They get rules by rote without grasping the realities of which those [71]rules are merely emblems, and recite them on inappropriate occasions instead ofseriously thinking out each problem it arises.

Secondly, it is only a minority of those who engage in this study who are sincerely bent upon the discovery oftruth. We all know that the discovery of truth is seldom the sole object of political writers; and the world believes, justly orunjustly, that it is not always the sole object of theologians: but the amount of sub-conscious dishonesty which pervades thetextual criticism of the Greek and Latin classics is little suspected except by those who have had occasion to analyseit. People come upon this field bringing with them prepossessions and preferences; they are not willing to look all facts in theface, nor to draw the most probable conclusion unless it is also the most agreeable conclusion. Most men are rather stupid, andmost of those who are not stupid are, consequently, rather vain; and it hardly possible to step aside from the pursuit of truthwithout falling a victim either to your stupidity or else to your vanity. Stupidity will then attach you to received opinions, andyou will stick in the mud; or vanity will set you hunting for novelty, and you will find mare's-nests. Added to these snares andhindrances there are the various forms of partisanship: sectarianism, which handcuffs you to your own school and teachersand associates, and patriotism, which handcuffs you to your own country. Patriotism has a great name as a virtue, and in civicmatters, at the present stage of the world's history, it possibly still does more good than harm; but in the sphere of intellect itis an unmitigated nuisance. I do not know which cuts the worse figure: a German scholar encouraging his countrymen to believethat"wir Deutsche"have nothing to learn from foreigners, or an Englishman demonstrating the unity of Homer by sneers at"Teutonic professors,"who are supposed by his audience to have goggle eyes behind large spectacles, and ragged moustaches saturated in lagerbeer, and consequently to be incapable of forming literary judgments.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
what is hormones?
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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