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Secondly, textual criticism is not a branch of mathematics, nor indeed an exact science at all. It deals with amatter not rigid and constant, like lines and numbers, but fluid and variable; namely the frailties and aberrations of the humanmind, and of its insubordinate servants, the human fingers. It therefore is not susceptible of hard-and-fast rules. It would bemuch easier if it were; and that is why people try to pretend that it is, or at least behave as if they thought so. Of course you canhave hard-and-fast rules if you like, but then you will have false rules, and they will lead you wrong; because their simplicity willrender them inapplicable to problems which are not simple, but complicated by the play of personality. A textual critic [69]engaged upon his business is not at all like Newton investigating the motions of the planets: he is much more like a dog hunting forfleas. If a dog hunted for fleas on mathematical principles, basing his researches on statistics of area and population, hewould never catch a flea except by accident. They require to be treated as individuals; and every problem which presents itself tothe textual critic must be regarded as possibly unique.

Textual criticism therefore is neither mystery nor mathematics: it cannot be learnt either like the catechism or likethe multiplication table. This science and this art require more in the learner than a simply receptive mind; and indeed the truthis that they cannot be taught at all: criticus nascitur, non fit . If a dog is to hunt for fleas successfully he must be quick and he must be sensitive. It is no good for arhinoceros to hunt for fleas: he does not know where they are, and could not catch them if he did. It has sometimes been said thattextual criticism is the crown and summit of all scholarship. This is not evidently or necessarily true; but it is true that thequalities which make a critic, whether they are thus transcendent or no, are rare, and that a good critic is a much less commonthing than for instance a good grammarian. I have in my mind a paper by a well-known scholar on a certain Latin writer, half ofwhich was concerned with grammar and half with criticism. The grammatical part was excellent; it showed wide reading andaccurate observation, and contributed matter which was both new and valuable. In the textual part the author was like nothing somuch as an ill-bred child interrupting the conversation of grown men. If it was possible to mistake the question at issue, hemistook it. If an opponent's arguments were contained in some book which was not at hand, he did not try to find the book, but hetried to guess the arguments; and he never succeeded. If the book was at hand, and he had read the arguments, hedid not understand them; and represented his opponents as saying the opposite of whatthey had said. If another scholar had already removed a corrup-[70]tion by slightly altering the text, he proposed to remove it by altering the text violently. So possible is it to bea learned man, and admirable in other departments, and yet to have in you not even the makings of a critic.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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