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This article was first published by A.E. Housman (the same poet famed for"A Shropshire Lad") in 1921 at a meeting of the Classical Society in Cambridge England. It elaborates on some definitions of textual criticism and offers both advice and chastening criticism of some common practices.
The following text is taken from the Proceedings of the Classical Association , August 1921, Vol XVIII. The meetings were held from August 2nd toAugust 6th. On the Morning of Thursday, August 4th, Alfred Edward (A.E.) Housman presented this paper. The session waschaired by the President of the Association. Numbers in square brackets, [xx], represent the beginning of a page, using the original page numbers. Editors' notes appear in brackets.Greek characters and accents may not display properly in all platforms; transliterations are provided in curly brackets {}.

In beginning to speak about the application of thought to textual criticism, I do not intend to define the term thought, because I hope that the sense which I attach to the word will emerge from what I say. But itis necessary at the outset to define textual criticism, because many people, and even some people who profess to teach it to others, do not know what it is. Onesees books calling themselves introductions to textual criticism which contain nothing about textual criticism from beginning toend; which are all about palaeography and manuscripts and collation, and have no more to do with textual criticism than ifthey were all about accidence and syntax. Palaeography is one of the things with which a textual critic needs to [68]acquaint himself, but grammar is another, and equally indispensable; andno amount either of grammar or of palaeography will teach a man one scrap of textual criticism.

Textual criticism is a science, and, since it comprises recension and emendation, it is also an art. It is thescience of discovering error in texts and the art of removing it. That is its definition, that is what the name denotes . But I must also say something about what it does and does not connote , what attributes it does and does not imply; because here also there arefalse impressions abroad.

First, then, it is not a sacred mystery. It is purely a matter of reason and of common sense. We exercisetextual criticism whenever we notice and correct a misprint. A man who possesses common sense and the use of reason must notexpect to learn from treatises or lectures on textual criticism anything that he could not, with leisure and industry, find outfor himself. What the lectures and treatises can do for him is to save him time and trouble by presenting to him immediatelyconsiderations which would in any case occur to him sooner or later. And whatever he reads about textual criticism in books,or hears at lectures, he should test by reason and common sense, and reject everything which conflicts with either as merehocus-pocus.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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