<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


What are the salient features or components of a curriculum plan?

Explain how innovative technology might help in realizing the desired outcomes.

Activity: Draw a figure or framework for your entire plan, including Martin’s four steps: salience, causality, architecture, and resolution.

Case study 1.2 paradoxes of technology leadership

The potential for technology presents both the greatest opportunity and the greatest threat to schools and their leaders. Successful principals as entrepreneurial leaders of technology will be those who decide to think and focus on how best to intersect technology with teaching and learning. Here are three paradoxes we face as technology leaders:

  1. Technology can improve the interaction and dialogue between teachers and students, resulting in improved student learning BUT it can also isolate, marginalize, and reduce effectiveness in the classroom.
  2. Technology can offer its power to all students, BUT it can also segregate and deny that power.
  3. Technology can assist with engaging students in meaningful learning and promote higher-level thinking, BUT it can also mirror traditional instructional pedagogy.

Discussion: Reflecting on these three paradoxes discuss the following three questions:

  1. Where do you want to go?
  2. Why do you want to go there?
  3. How will you know when you have arrived?

Activity: Using your opposable minds, give examples you have observed in schools for each of these three paradoxes.

Web resources

International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, (External Link)

National Educational Technology Standards, (External Link) ISTE's National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) have served as a roadmap since 1998 for improved teaching and learning by educators. ISTE standards for students, teachers, and administrators help to measure proficiency and set goals for the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to succeed in today’s Digital Age. 

Quality Education Data, (External Link) Heavy investment in technology suggests that school leaders feel that it shows promise for contributing to schools’ effectiveness and improvement efforts.

Rice University Connexions Project: (External Link) Connexions: An Open Educational Resource for the 21 st Century.


  • Anderson, R.,&Dexter, S. (2005). School technology leadership: An empirical investigation of prevalence and effect. Educational Administration Quarterly, 41 (1), 49-80.
  • Avolio, B. (2000). Full leadership development: Building the vita forces in organizations. London: Sage.
  • Burns, M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper&Row.
  • Burrus, C.S. (2007). Connexions: An Open Educational Resource for the 21st Century. Educational Technology, 47 (6), 19-22.
  • Creighton, T. (2008, August). The NCPEA Connexions project: Beta 1.2 . Paper presented at The National Council of Professors of Educational Administration Annual Conference. San Diego, CA. August.
  • Feidler, F.,&Chemers, M. (1984). Improving leadership effectiveness: The leader match concept (2 nd ed.). New York: Wiley.
  • Fullan, M. (2001). Leading in a culture of change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Fullan, M.,&Stieglebaurer, S. (1991). The new meaning of educational change. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Gallagher, K. (2007, February). Education schools in a flat world: Sorting through the choices we face. Paper presented at the USC Rossier School of Education, Los Angeles, California.
  • Gunther McGrath, R.,&McMillian, I.C. (2000). The entrepreneurial mindset: Strategies for continuously creating opportunities in an age of uncertainty. Boston: Harvard Business Press.
  • Hallinger, P.,&Heck, R. (1996). Reassessing the principal’s role in school effectiveness: A review of the empirical research. Educational Administration Quarterly, 32, 5-34.
  • Hallinger, P.,&Heck, R. (1998). Exploring the principal’s contribution to school effectiveness. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 92, 157-191.
  • House, R. (1971). A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administration Science Quarterly, 16, 321-368.
  • House, R.&Dressler, G. (1974). The path-goal theory of leadership. Journal of Contemporary Business, 3, 81-97.
  • Hershey, P.,&Blanchard, K. (1993). Management of organizational behavior: Utilizing human resources (5 th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Doubleday.
  • Kuhnert, K. (1994). Transforming leadership: Developing people through delegation. In B. Bass&B. Avolio (eds.), Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership (pp.10-25). Thousand Oaks, CA; Sage.
  • Louis, K. (1994). Beyond managed change: Rethinking how schools improve. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 5, 2-24.
  • Leithwood, K.,&Riehl, C. (2003). What we know about successful school leadership. Philadelphia: Laboratory of Student Success, Temple University.
  • Martin, R. (2007). The opposable mind: How successful leaders win through integrative thinking. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Northouse, P. (2004). Leadership: Theory and practice (3 rd ed.). London: Sage.
  • Schlechty, P. (1997). Inventing better schools: An action plan for educational reform. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Stogdill, R. (1948). Personal factors associated with leadership. Issues and debates. Journal of Psychology, 25, 35-71.
  • Vaill, P. (1998). Spirited leading and learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


1. In The Opposable Mind, Roger Martin (2007) goes beyond the question of what great leaders think to the more important and more interesting question of how they think.

2. Roger Martin is the author of The Opposable Mind: How Successful Leaders Win Through Integrative Thinking published by Harvard Business School Press (2007).

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea handbook of online instruction and programs in education leadership. OpenStax CNX. Mar 06, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11375/1.24
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Ncpea handbook of online instruction and programs in education leadership' conversation and receive update notifications?