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We know this when the learner:

3.1 reads a text:

3.1.1 identifies purpose, audience and context;

3.2 understands some elements of poetry and of the terms used to describe this language:

3.4 reads for information:

3.4.1 reads information texts;

3.4.2 reads diagrams, graphs and charts of increasing complexity;

3.4.4 summarises information.

LO 4


The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes to communicate information:

4.1.1 writes longer texts of several paragraphs, describing processes and procedures, giving explanations, advantages, disadvantages, arguing for and against;

4.1.3 does a survey and writes it up (e.g. as a report);

4.4 writes creatively:

4.4.2 shows development in the ability to write stories, poems and play-scripts (e.g. by working with design);

4.6 treats writing as a process:

4.6.1 drafts, reads and discusses own writing critically;

4.6.3 uses knowledge of grammar, spelling, etc., to edit.

LO 5
Thinking and Reasoning The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum:
5.1.1 understands some concepts from other Learning Areas and uses the vocabulary associated with them in the additional language (e.g. “xenophobia” in Social Sciences);5.1.2 writes texts required in other Learning Areas (e.g. reports and explanations in Natural Sciences);
5.2 uses language for thinking:
5.2.1 asks and answers more complex questions;
5.2.5 draws conclusions;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways:
5.3.1 selects relevant information and takes notes (organises key ideas under headings and sub-headings, uses layout such as capital letters and underlining).



The idea is that they do the first summary in order to learn for the second and it is the second that will be marked. Let them understand this.

  • You might like to play them some Bach or Vivaldi and show them pictures so that they can picture the period in which they lived. They might also like to consider what was happening in History during their life-time and to tell the class what they found out?


This is a research project and should be done thoroughly – so they need to understand their parameters and also the full detail of the assignment. This is something that can be presented at a parent evening with proceeds of the food sold going to a charity of the class is choice. Go through exactly what it is they should research and exactly how they should present it.


They have been working in groups but do need to rate their success and to assess where the difficulties lay and see if they can correct them – otherwise we are consolidating mistakes, see? If there is a difficult learner, call him/her aside and explain the value of group work privately.


National pride can be chauvinistic and blind – it can be fervent and zealous. It can mislead and scam. The learner must perhaps look at examples of national pride around the world, and question it and commit somehow. After all, we want South Africans to be proud.

  • However, it is the work that is done on the rough draft that is significant. Here is where you can stress the value of editing.


It is generally not easy for learners to talk about their feelings but here is a chance for them to open up. Allow them space but also explain that tolerance of the rest of he group is healthy and vital to the success of this ACTIVITY. Perhaps it is a good idea if you explain that everybody has to talk in a quiet tone. Then you will create the right atmosphere for this personal ACTIVITY.


Once learners have identified musical instruments (and added others), perhaps they might like to make an instrument of their own. This could be so creative, innovative and if you add that they should re-cycle something in the process it has added value, see?

  • Perhaps you can find an example of all the instruments and play them so that they HEAR the different sounds. It is also a good idea to show them how an orchestra works and to TAKE them to hear an orchestra playing?


Impromptu’s are valuable but scary for learners so they need much reassurance. Turn this into a fun exercise by allowing them to laugh but explaining that the laughter comes from compassion for the speaker and not laughing at the speaker!

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11061/1.1
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