<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Bolt's characterization of More follows closely the model of authenticity set forth by the existentialists, especially Camus, as he states in the Preface to his play. Here the human defines himself or herself through commitments undertaken. These projects are incorporated into the self-system to form the core of one's personality. Then integrity becomes the core value for the hero of selfhood. Integrity is spelled out in terms of how one is able to resist external forces, challenges, and temptations to act against one's core beliefs and to break up the coherence of these self-defining beliefs. More's challenge came in the form of an oath which required that he swear against his core beliefs and that he offer his own self as the guarantee of the truth of this oath. Bolt goes to great lengths not to portray More as a religious fanatic. More is portrayed as open, inquiring, questioning, and flexible in all areas except that core in terms of which he has defined his own self. To go against this core would be to lose his very identity.

Thomas Cromwell is More's opponent in both Bolt's play, A Man for All Seasons and in Hilary Mantel's recent novels, Wolf Hall and Bring Out the Bodies . But here is where the resemblance ends. In Bolt's play, Cromwell is immoral and Machiavellian. He takes his ends as already given; he accepts them as actionable and even moral without examination and without question. Cromwell, in Bolt's play, restricts himself to figuring out the most effective and direct means to the ends handed down to him by his king (Henry VIII). Cromwell does not worry that his private conscience may be contrary to his public duties. But More does, at least in Bolt's account. In response to another "administrator," Cardinal Wolsey, More says the following: " Well...I believe, when statesmen forsake their own private conscience for the sake of their public duties...they lead their country by a short route to chaos" (MFAS 13). One can get lost in the meandering of means and policies if one does not remain fixed and focused on moral ends.

Mantel's recent novels reverse the relations between More and Cromwell. She writes explicitly and sympathetically from Cromwell's viewpoint adopting a style carefully crafted to transport the reader directly into Cromwell's perspective; the reader literally sees things through Cromwell's eyes. Cromwell is portrayed as a humanist who is plagued by the problem of "dirty hands." This is the supposedly realistic perception that in order to do good one must, in the complicated and imperfect world, do harm. The Machiavellian calculation may be necessary if those intending good are to do good in this imperfect world. Cromwell is aid and advisor to Henry VIII who is, in many ways, a tyrant. Cromwell works to do Henry's will but also to blunt the force of its harmful consequences on others, especially the "common human." (This is the ordinary human who, up to this point, has been left out of the scope of moral consideration.) So Mantel portrays Cromwell as good but also as human and less than perfect; he does his best in a difficult and imperfect world.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to business, management, and ethics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 14, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11959/1.4
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introduction to business, management, and ethics' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask