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Cdp indirect : cmem

CDP indirect addressing uses the coefficient data pointer (CDP) to point to data. For accessing data memory/registers, the 16-bit CDP is combined with the 7-bit CDPH to generate a 23-bit address. When concatenated, they are called the XCDP. CDP indirect addressing can also be used to address a specific bit in the accumulators, auxiliary registers, and the temporary registers. Pre- and post-increment and decrement as well as an offset can be used with CDP. CDP can be used as an operand in place of Smem, Lmem, and Cmem.

MOV dbl(Lmem), Cmem MOV dbl(*AR7), *CDP+ ; Values at XAR7 and XAR7 + 1 are read and stored at ; XCDP and XCDP +/- 1 depending on if XCDP was even or odd. ; CDP is incremented by 2 at the end.

Coefficient indirect

Coefficient indirect addressing uses the same address generation process as CDP indirect addressing for data-space accesses. It is useful for instructions that need three memory operands per cycle. It can be used for finite impulse response filters, multiply [accumulate/subtract], and dual multiply [accumulate/subtract].

MPY Xmem, Cmem, ACx :: MPY Ymem, Cmem, ACy ; Cmem must be in a different memory bank from Xmem/Ymem ; for this to work in a single cycle MPY *AR1+, *CDP+, AC0 :: MPY *AR2+, *CDP+, AC1 ; The value at address XAR1 is multiplied by value at ; address XCDP and stored in AC0. At the same time, ; value at XAR2 is multiplied by value at address XCDP ; and stored in AC1. Then CDP is incremented.

Other examples

AMAR *AR3+ ; increments AR3 by 1

The amar (modify auxiliary register) instruction is unusual in the sense that it takes an Smem operand but does nothing with the data pointed to by the ARx register. Its purpose is to perform any of the allowed register modifications discussed abovewithout having to do anything else. This is often handy when you are using an Xmem/Ymem -type instruction but need to do an ARx modification that is only allowed with an Smem -type operand.

Circular addressing

Circular addressing is useful when implementing circular buffers. Circular addressing needs to be enabled for the specific register that is being used to point to memory. This is done by setting the corresponding ARnLC register using BSET ARnLC . When circular addressing is not needed, BCLR ARnLC on the corresponding ARn will disable circular addressing. The circular addressing length will depend on the BK03 , BK47 , and BKC register values. If you are using AR0 through AR3 for the addressing, then BK03 will be used. BKC is the buffer length for CDP . One thing to watch out for is the buffer start address registers (BSA01, BSA23, BSA45, BSA67, BSAC) are added to the auxiliary register or CDP register value whenever circular addressing is used. Be sure to re-initialize the BSA register when implementing multiple filters.

BSET AR1LC ; sets circular addressing for AR1 BCLR AR2LC ; normal addressing for AR2 MOV #13, BK03 ; set buffer length for AR0 through AR3 MACM *AR1+, *AR2+, AC0 ; AC0 = AC0 + ; (value at memory location AR1 + BSA01) x (value at memory location AR2) ; AR1 is incremented with circular addressing, length 13. ; AR2 is simply incremented by 1

Bit-reversed addressing

Bit-reversed addressing is often needed with the fast-fourier transform (FFT). This helps to set up a pointer for the next iteration. Enable bit-reversing on an operand by adding a B after the increment value. When a bit-reverse operand is used, the auxiliary register can not be used for circular addressing. If circuluar address is enabled, the corresponding buffer start address value (BSAxx) will be added to ARn, but ARn is not modified to stay within the circular buffer.

MOV Smem, dst MOV *(AR4 + T0B), T2 ; T2 = value at memory location XAR4 ; AR4 is incremented with T0, using reverse carry propagation.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Digital signal processing laboratory (ece 420 55x). OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10397/1.10
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