# 14.3 Resistance and resistivity  (Page 4/6)

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Does the resistance of an object depend on the path current takes through it? Consider, for example, a rectangular bar—is its resistance the same along its length as across its width? (See [link] .)

If aluminum and copper wires of the same length have the same resistance, which has the larger diameter? Why?

Explain why $R={R}_{0}\left(\text{1}+\alpha \Delta T\right)$ for the temperature variation of the resistance $R$ of an object is not as accurate as $\rho ={\rho }_{0}\left(\text{1}+\alpha \Delta T\right)$ , which gives the temperature variation of resistivity $\rho$ .

## Problems&Exercises

What is the resistance of a 20.0-m-long piece of 12-gauge copper wire having a 2.053-mm diameter?

$\text{0.104 Ω}$

The diameter of 0-gauge copper wire is 8.252 mm. Find the resistance of a 1.00-km length of such wire used for power transmission.

If the 0.100-mm diameter tungsten filament in a light bulb is to have a resistance of $\text{0.200 Ω}$ at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ , how long should it be?

$2\text{.}\text{8}×{\text{10}}^{-2}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}$

Find the ratio of the diameter of aluminum to copper wire, if they have the same resistance per unit length (as they might in household wiring).

What current flows through a 2.54-cm-diameter rod of pure silicon that is 20.0 cm long, when ${1.00 × 10}^{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{V}$ is applied to it? (Such a rod may be used to make nuclear-particle detectors, for example.)

$1\text{.}\text{10}×{\text{10}}^{-3}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{A}$

(a) To what temperature must you raise a copper wire, originally at $\text{20.0ºC}$ , to double its resistance, neglecting any changes in dimensions? (b) Does this happen in household wiring under ordinary circumstances?

A resistor made of Nichrome wire is used in an application where its resistance cannot change more than 1.00% from its value at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ . Over what temperature range can it be used?

$-5º\text{C to 45ºC}$

Of what material is a resistor made if its resistance is 40.0% greater at $\text{100º}\text{C}$ than at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ ?

An electronic device designed to operate at any temperature in the range from $\text{–10}\text{.}0º\text{C to 55}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ contains pure carbon resistors. By what factor does their resistance increase over this range?

1.03

(a) Of what material is a wire made, if it is 25.0 m long with a 0.100 mm diameter and has a resistance of $\text{77}\text{.}7\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega$ at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ ? (b) What is its resistance at $\text{150º}\text{C}$ ?

Assuming a constant temperature coefficient of resistivity, what is the maximum percent decrease in the resistance of a constantan wire starting at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ ?

0.06%

A wire is drawn through a die, stretching it to four times its original length. By what factor does its resistance increase?

A copper wire has a resistance of $0\text{.}\text{500}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega$ at $\text{20}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ , and an iron wire has a resistance of $0\text{.}\text{525}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega$ at the same temperature. At what temperature are their resistances equal?

$-\text{17º}\text{C}$

(a) Digital medical thermometers determine temperature by measuring the resistance of a semiconductor device called a thermistor (which has $\alpha =–0\text{.}\text{0600}/\text{ºC}$ ) when it is at the same temperature as the patient. What is a patient’s temperature if the thermistor’s resistance at that temperature is 82.0% of its value at $\text{37}\text{.}0º\text{C}$ (normal body temperature)? (b) The negative value for $\alpha$ may not be maintained for very low temperatures. Discuss why and whether this is the case here. (Hint: Resistance can’t become negative.)

Integrated Concepts

(a) Redo [link] taking into account the thermal expansion of the tungsten filament. You may assume a thermal expansion coefficient of $\text{12}×{\text{10}}^{-6}/\text{ºC}$ . (b) By what percentage does your answer differ from that in the example?

(a) $4\text{.}7\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega$ (total)

(b) 3.0% decrease

Unreasonable Results

(a) To what temperature must you raise a resistor made of constantan to double its resistance, assuming a constant temperature coefficient of resistivity? (b) To cut it in half? (c) What is unreasonable about these results? (d) Which assumptions are unreasonable, or which premises are inconsistent?

what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
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what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
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Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
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absolutely yes
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it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
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for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
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Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
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NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
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what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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How we can create polaidal magnetic field
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Because I'm writing a report and I would like to be really precise for the references
where did you find the research and the first image (ECG and Blood pressure synchronized)? Thank you!!