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Examples:

hold .word 1 ; reserve one word of storage and initialize to 1 count .word 0 ; reserve one word of storage and initialize to 0 . . . . ld *(count),B ; sets B = 0 (assuming memory was not changed) st T,*(hold) ; sets (storage location at address hold) = T

Indirect addressing: smem, xmem, ymem

Indirect addressing on the TMS320C54x always uses the auxiliary registers AR0 through AR7 and comes in two basic flavors. These are easily recognized from the assembly language syntaxdescriptions as either Smem or Xmem/Ymem .

Smem

In Smem indirect addressing, only one indirect address is used in the instruction and a number ofvariations is possible (see the table on page 5-13 of the CPU and Peripherals reference). An asterisk is always used, which signifies indirect addressing. Any of theregisters AR0 - AR7 may be used, with optional modifications: automatic post-decrement byone, pre- and post-increment by one, post-increment and post-decrement by n ( n being stored in AR0 ), and more, including many options for circular addressing (which automaticallyimplements circular buffers) and bit-reversed addressing (which is useful for FFTs).

Xmem/ymem

Xmem/Ymem indirect addressing is generally used in instructions that need two different indirect addresses,although there are a few instances where an Xmem by itself is specified in order to save bits in the opcode for other options. In Xmem/Ymem indirect addressing, fewer bits are used to encode the option modifiers in the opcode; hence,fewer options are available: post-increment by one, post-decrement by one, and post-increment by AR0 with circular addressing.

Examples:

stl B,*AR6 ; sets (contents of location pointed to by AR6) = low word of B stl B,*AR6+0% ; sets (contents of location pointed to by AR6) = low word of B, ; then increments AR6 with circular addressing mar *+AR3(-6) ; decrements AR3 by 6 (increment by -6)

The mar (modify address register) instruction is unusual in the sense that it takes an Smem operand but does nothing with the data pointed to by the ARx register. Its purpose is to perform any of the allowed register modifications discussed abovewithout having to do anything else. This is often handy when you are using an Xmem/Ymem -type instruction but need to do an ARx modification that is only allowed with an Smem -type operand.

Summary

The ld instruction is illustrative of the many possible addressing modes which can be selected with theproper choice of assembly language syntax:

ld #0,A ; immediate data: sets A = 0 ld 0,A ; DP-referenced direct: sets A = (contents of the address DP + 0) ld mydata,A ; DP-referenced direct: sets A = (contents of the address ; DP + lower seven bits of mydata) ld #mydata,A ; immediate data: sets A = 16 bit address mydata ld *(mydata),A ; *(lk) direct: sets A = (contents of the 16 bit address mydata) ld B,A ; accumulator: sets A = B ld *AR1+,A ; indirect: sets A = (contents of address pointed to by AR1), ; and afterwards increments AR1 by one ldm AR2,A ; memory-mapped register: sets A = AR2

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ece 320 - spring 2003. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10096/1.2
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