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V p = V V 1 = 12 . 0 V 2 . 35 V = 9 . 65 V . size 12{V rSub { size 8{p} } =V - V rSub { size 8{1} } ="12" "." 0" V" - 2 "." "35"" V"=9 "." "65"" V"} {}

Now the current I 2 size 12{I rSub { size 8{2} } } {} through resistance R 2 size 12{R rSub { size 8{2} } } {} is found using Ohm’s law:

I 2 = V p R 2 = 9 . 65 V 6 . 00 Ω = 1 . 61 A . size 12{I rSub { size 8{2} } = { {V rSub { size 8{p} } } over {R rSub { size 8{2} } } } = { {9 "." "65 V"} over {6 "." "00 " %OMEGA } } =1 "." "61"" A"} {}

Discussion for (c)

The current is less than the 2.00 A that flowed through R 2 size 12{R rSub { size 8{2} } } {} when it was connected in parallel to the battery in the previous parallel circuit example.

Strategy and Solution for (d)

The power dissipated by R 2 size 12{R rSub { size 8{2} } } {} is given by

P 2 = ( I 2 ) 2 R 2 = ( 1 . 61 A ) 2 ( 6 . 00 Ω ) = 15 . 5 W . size 12{P rSub { size 8{2} } = \( I rSub { size 8{2} } \) rSup { size 8{2} } R rSub { size 8{2} } = \( 1 "." "61"" A" \) rSup { size 8{2} } \( 6 "." "00" %OMEGA \) ="15" "." 5" W"} {}

Discussion for (d)

The power is less than the 24.0 W this resistor dissipated when connected in parallel to the 12.0-V source.

Practical implications

One implication of this last example is that resistance in wires reduces the current and power delivered to a resistor. If wire resistance is relatively large, as in a worn (or a very long) extension cord, then this loss can be significant. If a large current is drawn, the IR size 12{ ital "IR"} {} drop in the wires can also be significant.

For example, when you are rummaging in the refrigerator and the motor comes on, the refrigerator light dims momentarily. Similarly, you can see the passenger compartment light dim when you start the engine of your car (although this may be due to resistance inside the battery itself).

What is happening in these high-current situations is illustrated in [link] . The device represented by R 3 size 12{R rSub { size 8{3} } } {} has a very low resistance, and so when it is switched on, a large current flows. This increased current causes a larger IR size 12{ ital "IR"} {} drop in the wires represented by R 1 size 12{R rSub { size 8{1} } } {} , reducing the voltage across the light bulb (which is R 2 size 12{R rSub { size 8{2} } } {} ), which then dims noticeably.

A conceptual drawing showing a refrigerator with its motor and light bulbs connected to a household A C circuit through a wire with resistance of R sub one. The bulb has a resistance R sub two, and the motor has a resistance R sub three.
Why do lights dim when a large appliance is switched on? The answer is that the large current the appliance motor draws causes a significant IR size 12{ ital "IR"} {} drop in the wires and reduces the voltage across the light.

Can any arbitrary combination of resistors be broken down into series and parallel combinations? See if you can draw a circuit diagram of resistors that cannot be broken down into combinations of series and parallel.

No, there are many ways to connect resistors that are not combinations of series and parallel, including loops and junctions. In such cases Kirchhoff’s rules, to be introduced in Kirchhoff’s Rules , will allow you to analyze the circuit.

Problem-solving strategies for series and parallel resistors

  1. Draw a clear circuit diagram, labeling all resistors and voltage sources. This step includes a list of the knowns for the problem, since they are labeled in your circuit diagram.
  2. Identify exactly what needs to be determined in the problem (identify the unknowns). A written list is useful.
  3. Determine whether resistors are in series, parallel, or a combination of both series and parallel. Examine the circuit diagram to make this assessment. Resistors are in series if the same current must pass sequentially through them.
  4. Use the appropriate list of major features for series or parallel connections to solve for the unknowns. There is one list for series and another for parallel. If your problem has a combination of series and parallel, reduce it in steps by considering individual groups of series or parallel connections, as done in this module and the examples. Special note: When finding R p size 12{R"" lSub { size 8{p} } } {} , the reciprocal must be taken with care.
  5. Check to see whether the answers are reasonable and consistent. Units and numerical results must be reasonable. Total series resistance should be greater, whereas total parallel resistance should be smaller, for example. Power should be greater for the same devices in parallel compared with series, and so on.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory physics - for kpu phys 1100 (2015 edition). OpenStax CNX. May 30, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11588/1.13
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