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This module offers suggestions regarding combining instruments with a choir in concert. Instruments, particularly wind instruments can easily overbalance a choir. Conductors must establish volume balances.

Adding instruments

On the occasions when instruments are added to a program the director should meet with the instrumentalists several times before they rehearse with the choir. The exact number of rehearsals will depend on the quality of the instrumentalists. Semiprofessional or professional players, playing parts of medium difficulty, will not require more than one rehearsal to establish tempos, etc., but average-to-good high school or college players will require several rehearsals in order to understand their role with the chorus.

When the instrumentalists are placed with the choir for the first time neither group should have to endure prolonged rehearsing of the other as a single unit. This kind of rehearsing should have taken place before the combined rehearsal. A conductor must keep dynamic levels carefully in mind as instrumentalists are rehearsed. Instruments, particularly wind instruments, can easily overbalance a choir. One should pay particular attention to instances when the choir and instruments are scored together in a homophonic passage. It is here that instruments most often overbalance. When instruments play the same pitches at the same time and for the same duration as the choral parts, the voices, and especially the words, are often obliterated. The sharp tonguing of a trumpet will cover the soprano articulation of a vowel sound and of most consonants. The director should not hesitate to scale down instrumental dynamic levels so the choral parts are placed in proper balance. These combined rehearsals should start on time and end on time. Allow time for tuning and warm-ups, as well as for assembling the groups in the proper order on the stage. If it is necessary to bring several groups of varying sizes together, plan the rehearsal to use the largest group first, and release people as you progress to smaller ensembles. Do not keep 200 singers standing idly by while you work with two soloists for an extended period.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
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