



This module is from Elementary Algebra by Denny Burzynski and Wade Ellis, Jr.
Beginning with the graphical solution of systems, this chapter includes an interpretation of independent, inconsistent, and dependent systems and examples to illustrate the applications for these systems. The substitution method and the addition method of solving a system by elimination are explained, noting when to use each method. The fivestep method is again used to illustrate the solutions of value and rate problems (coin and mixture problems), using drawings that correspond to the actual situation.This module presents a summary of the key concepts of the chapter "Systems of Linear Equations".
Summary of key concepts
System of equations (
[link] )
A collection of two linear equations in two variables is called a
system of equations.
Solution to a system (
[link] )
An ordered pair that is a solution to both equations in a system is called a
solution to the system of equations. The values
$x=3,y=1$ are a solution to the system
$\{\begin{array}{l}xy=2\\ x+y=4\end{array}$
Independent systems (
[link] )
Systems in which the lines intersect at precisely one point are
independent systems. In applications, independent systems can arise when the collected data are accurate and complete.
Inconsistent systems (
[link] )
Systems in which the lines are parallel are
inconsistent systems. In applications, inconsistent systems can arise when the collected data are contradictory.
Dependent systems (
[link] )
Systems in which the lines are coincident (one on the other) are
dependent systems. In applications, dependent systems can arise when the collected data are incomplete.
Solving a system by graphing (
[link] )
To solve a system by graphing:
 Graph each equation of the same set of axes.
 If the lines intersect, the solution is the point of intersection.
Solving a system by substitution (
[link] )
To solve a system using substitution,
 Solve one of the equations for one of the variables.
 Substitute the expression for the variable chosen in step 1 into the other equation.
 Solve the resulting equation in one variable.
 Substitute the value obtained in step 3 into the equation obtained in step 1 and solve to obtain the value of the other variable.
 Check the solution in both equations.
 Write the solution as an ordered pair.
Solving a system by addition (
[link] )
To solve a system using addition,
 Write, if necessary, both equations in general form
$ax+by=c$
 If necessary, multiply one or both equations by factors that will produce opposite coefficients for one of the variables.
 Add the equations to eliminate one equation and one variable.
 Solve the equation obtained in step 3.
 Substitute the value obtained in step 4 into either of the original equations and solve to obtain the value of the other variable.
 Check the solution in both equations.
 Write the solution as an ordered pair.
Substitution and addition and parallel lines (
[link] ,
[link] )
If computations eliminate all variables and produce a contradiction, the two lines of the system are parallel and no solution exists. The system is inconsistent.
Substitution and addition and coincident lines (
[link] ,
[link] )
If computations eliminate all variables and produce an identity, the two lines of the system are coincident and the system has infinitely many solutions. The system is dependent.
Applications (
[link] )
The fivestep method can be used to solve applied problems that involve linear systems that consist of two equations in two variables. The solutions of number problems, mixture problems, and value and rate problems are examined in this section. The rate problems have particular use in chemistry.
Questions & Answers
x2y+3z=3
2xy+z=7
x+3yz=6
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^2
what is the coefficient of 4×
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to 1
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
lim x to infinity e^1e^1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
The given of f(x=x2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
If f(x) = x2
then, f(3) when 5f(x+1)
5((32)+1)
5(1+1)
5(2)
10
Augustine
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
AJ
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X6)^2
so it's 20 divided by X6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
is it a question of log
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)1/7 (x1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:
OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10614/1.3
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