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This module is from Elementary Algebra by Denny Burzynski and Wade Ellis, Jr. Beginning with the graphical solution of systems, this chapter includes an interpretation of independent, inconsistent, and dependent systems and examples to illustrate the applications for these systems. The substitution method and the addition method of solving a system by elimination are explained, noting when to use each method. The five-step method is again used to illustrate the solutions of value and rate problems (coin and mixture problems), using drawings that correspond to the actual situation.This module presents a summary of the key concepts of the chapter "Systems of Linear Equations".

Summary of key concepts

System of equations ( [link] )

A collection of two linear equations in two variables is called a system of equations.

Solution to a system ( [link] )

An ordered pair that is a solution to both equations in a system is called a solution to the system of equations. The values x = 3 , y = 1 are a solution to the system

{ x y = 2 x + y = 4

Independent systems ( [link] )

Systems in which the lines intersect at precisely one point are independent systems. In applications, independent systems can arise when the collected data are accurate and complete.

Inconsistent systems ( [link] )

Systems in which the lines are parallel are inconsistent systems. In applications, inconsistent systems can arise when the collected data are contradictory.

Dependent systems ( [link] )

Systems in which the lines are coincident (one on the other) are dependent systems. In applications, dependent systems can arise when the collected data are incomplete.

Solving a system by graphing ( [link] )

To solve a system by graphing:
  1. Graph each equation of the same set of axes.
  2. If the lines intersect, the solution is the point of intersection.

Solving a system by substitution ( [link] )

To solve a system using substitution,
  1. Solve one of the equations for one of the variables.
  2. Substitute the expression for the variable chosen in step 1 into the other equation.
  3. Solve the resulting equation in one variable.
  4. Substitute the value obtained in step 3 into the equation obtained in step 1 and solve to obtain the value of the other variable.
  5. Check the solution in both equations.
  6. Write the solution as an ordered pair.

Solving a system by addition ( [link] )

To solve a system using addition,
  1. Write, if necessary, both equations in general form

    a x + b y = c
  2. If necessary, multiply one or both equations by factors that will produce opposite coefficients for one of the variables.
  3. Add the equations to eliminate one equation and one variable.
  4. Solve the equation obtained in step 3.
  5. Substitute the value obtained in step 4 into either of the original equations and solve to obtain the value of the other variable.
  6. Check the solution in both equations.
  7. Write the solution as an ordered pair.

Substitution and addition and parallel lines ( [link] , [link] )

If computations eliminate all variables and produce a contradiction, the two lines of the system are parallel and no solution exists. The system is inconsistent.

Substitution and addition and coincident lines ( [link] , [link] )

If computations eliminate all variables and produce an identity, the two lines of the system are coincident and the system has infinitely many solutions. The system is dependent.

Applications ( [link] )

The five-step method can be used to solve applied problems that involve linear systems that consist of two equations in two variables. The solutions of number problems, mixture problems, and value and rate problems are examined in this section. The rate problems have particular use in chemistry.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10614/1.3
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