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Regression (fuel efficiency)

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    Student learning outcomes

  • The student will calculate and construct the line of best fit between two variables.
  • The student will evaluate the relationship between two variables to determine if that relationship is significant.

Collect the data

Use the most recent April issue of Consumer Reports. It will give the total fuel efficiency (in miles per gallon) and weight (in pounds) of new model cars with automatic transmissions. We will use this data to determine the relationship, if any, between the fuel efficiency of a car and its weight.

  1. Using your random number generator, randomly select 20 cars from the list and record their weights and fuel efficiency into [link] .
    Weight Fuel Efficiency
  2. Which variable should be the dependent variable and which should be the independent variable? Why?
  3. By hand, do a scatterplot of “weight” vs. “fuel efficiency”. Plot the points on graph paper. Label both axes with words. Scale both axes accurately.
    Blank graph with vertical and horizontal axes.

Analyze the data

Enter your data into your calculator or computer. Write the linear equation, rounding to 4 decimal places.

  1. Calculate the following:
    1. a = ______
    2. b = ______
    3. correlation = ______
    4. n = ______
    5. equation: ŷ = ______
  2. Obtain the graph of the regression line on your calculator. Sketch the regression line on the same axes as your scatter plot.

    Discussion questions

  1. Is the correlation significant? Explain how you determined this in complete sentences.
  2. Is the relationship a positive one or a negative one? Explain how you can tell and what this means in terms of weight and fuel efficiency.
  3. In one or two complete sentences, what is the practical interpretation of the slope of the least squares line in terms of fuel efficiency and weight?
  4. For a car that weighs 4,000 pounds, predict its fuel efficiency. Include units.
  5. Can we predict the fuel efficiency of a car that weighs 10,000 pounds using the least squares line? Explain why or why not.
  6. Answer each question in complete sentences.
    1. Does the line seem to fit the data? Why or why not?
    2. What does the correlation imply about the relationship between fuel efficiency and weight of a car? Is this what you expected?
  7. Are there any outliers? If so, which point is an outlier?

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics fall 2014. OpenStax CNX. Jun 30, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11669/1.1
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