# 10.7 Summary of key concepts

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This module is from Fundamentals of Mathematics by Denny Burzynski and Wade Ellis, Jr. This module reviews the key concepts from the chapter "Signed Numbers."

## Variables and constants ( [link] )

A variable is a letter or symbol that represents any member of a set of two or more numbers. A constant is a letter or symbol that represents a specific number. For example, the Greek letter $\pi$ (pi) represents the constant 3.14159 . . . .

## The real number line ( [link] )

The real number line allows us to visually display some of the numbers in which we are interested.

## Coordinate and graph ( [link] )

The number associated with a point on the number line is called the coordinate of the point. The point associated with a number is called the graph of the number.

## Real number ( [link] )

A real number is any number that is the coordinate of a point on the real number line.

## Types of real numbers ( [link] )

The set of real numbers has many subsets. The ones of most interest to us are:
The natural numbers : {1, 2, 3, 4, . . .}
The whole numbers : {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, . . .}
The integers : {. . . ,-3,-2,-1,0, 1, 2, 3, . . .}
The rational numbers : {All numbers that can be expressed as the quotient of two integers.}

## Positive and negative numbers ( [link] )

A number is denoted as positive if it is directly preceded by a plus sign (+) or no sign at all. A number is denoted as negative if it is directly preceded by a minus sign (–).

## Opposites ( [link] )

Opposites are numbers that are the same distance from zero on the number line but have opposite signs. The numbers $a$ and $-a$ are opposites.

## Double-negative property ( [link] )

$-\left(-a\right)=a$

## Absolute value (geometric) ( [link] )

The absolute value of a number $a$ , denoted $\mid a\mid$ , is the distance from $a$ to 0 on the number line.

## Addition of signed numbers ( [link] )

To add two numbers with
1. like signs , add the absolute values of the numbers and associate with the sum the common sign.
2. unlike signs , subtract the smaller absolute value from the larger absolute value and associate with the difference the sign of the larger absolute value.

## Addition with zero ( [link] )

$\text{0}+\left(\text{any number}\right)=\text{that particular number}$ .

## Additive identity ( [link] )

Since adding 0 to any real number leaves that number unchanged, 0 is called the additive identity .

## Definition of subtraction ( [link] )

$a-b=a+\left(-b\right)$

## Subtraction of signed numbers ( [link] )

To perform the subtraction $a-b$ , add the opposite of $b$ to $a$ , that is, change the sign of $b$ and follow the addition rules ( [link] ).

## Multiplication and division of signed numbers ( [link] )

$\left(+\right)\left(+\right)=\left(+\right)$ $\frac{\left(+\right)}{\left(+\right)}=\left(+\right)$ $\frac{\left(+\right)}{\left(-\right)}=\left(-\right)$
$\left(-\right)\left(-\right)=\left(+\right)$
$\left(+\right)\left(-\right)=\left(-\right)$ $\frac{\left(-\right)}{\left(-\right)}=\left(+\right)$ $\frac{\left(-\right)}{\left(+\right)}=\left(-\right)$
$\left(-\right)\left(+\right)=\left(-\right)$

#### Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Good
7hours 36 min - 4hours 50 min
Tanis Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Fundamentals of mathematics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 18, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10615/1.4
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