<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This module is from Fundamentals of Mathematics by Denny Burzynski and Wade Ellis, Jr. This module reviews the key concepts from the chapter "Signed Numbers."

Summary of key concepts

Variables and constants ( [link] )

A variable is a letter or symbol that represents any member of a set of two or more numbers. A constant is a letter or symbol that represents a specific number. For example, the Greek letter π (pi) represents the constant 3.14159 . . . .

The real number line ( [link] )

The real number line allows us to visually display some of the numbers in which we are interested.

A number line with hash marks from -3 to 3.

Coordinate and graph ( [link] )

The number associated with a point on the number line is called the coordinate of the point. The point associated with a number is called the graph of the number.

Real number ( [link] )

A real number is any number that is the coordinate of a point on the real number line.

Types of real numbers ( [link] )

The set of real numbers has many subsets. The ones of most interest to us are:
The natural numbers : {1, 2, 3, 4, . . .}
The whole numbers : {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, . . .}
The integers : {. . . ,-3,-2,-1,0, 1, 2, 3, . . .}
The rational numbers : {All numbers that can be expressed as the quotient of two integers.}

Positive and negative numbers ( [link] )

A number is denoted as positive if it is directly preceded by a plus sign (+) or no sign at all. A number is denoted as negative if it is directly preceded by a minus sign (–).

Opposites ( [link] )

Opposites are numbers that are the same distance from zero on the number line but have opposite signs. The numbers a size 12{a} {} and a size 12{ - a} {} are opposites.

Double-negative property ( [link] )

( a ) = a size 12{ - \( - a \) =a} {}

Absolute value (geometric) ( [link] )

The absolute value of a number a size 12{a} {} , denoted a size 12{ lline a rline } {} , is the distance from a size 12{a} {} to 0 on the number line.

Absolute value (algebraic) ( [link] )

| a | = a , if  a 0 - a , if  a < 0

Addition of signed numbers ( [link] )

To add two numbers with
  1. like signs , add the absolute values of the numbers and associate with the sum the common sign.
  2. unlike signs , subtract the smaller absolute value from the larger absolute value and associate with the difference the sign of the larger absolute value.

Addition with zero ( [link] )

0 + ( any number ) = that particular number size 12{"0 "+ \( "any number" \) =" that particular number"} {} .

Additive identity ( [link] )

Since adding 0 to any real number leaves that number unchanged, 0 is called the additive identity .

Definition of subtraction ( [link] )

a b = a + ( b ) size 12{a - b=a+ \( - b \) } {}

Subtraction of signed numbers ( [link] )

To perform the subtraction a b size 12{a - b} {} , add the opposite of b size 12{b} {} to a size 12{a} {} , that is, change the sign of b size 12{b} {} and follow the addition rules ( [link] ).

Multiplication and division of signed numbers ( [link] )

+ + = + size 12{ left (+{} right ) left (+{} right )= left (+{} right )} {} + + = + size 12{ { { left (+{} right )} over { left (+{} right )} } = left (+{} right )} {} + = size 12{ { { left (+{} right )} over { left ( - {} right )} } = left ( - {} right )} {}
= + size 12{ left ( - {} right ) left ( - {} right )= left (+{} right )} {}
+ = size 12{ left (+{} right ) left ( - {} right )= left ( - {} right )} {} = + size 12{ { { left ( - {} right )} over { left ( - {} right )} } = left (+{} right )} {} + = size 12{ { { left ( - {} right )} over { left (+{} right )} } = left ( - {} right )} {}
+ = size 12{ left ( - {} right ) left (+{} right )= left ( - {} right )} {}

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
7hours 36 min - 4hours 50 min
Tanis Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Fundamentals of mathematics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 18, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10615/1.4
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Fundamentals of mathematics' conversation and receive update notifications?