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Code briefing

The code provided merely performs a color conversion required to go from the input NTSC image to the output RGB image. The relevant streams of data are brought in using the in_luma, in_cr, in_cb odd and even streams

The odd, even is done because the input YcbCr data is interlaced and the different "color" components Y(luminance), Cr, and Cb are stored in different arrays, unlike RGB where the data is packed together for each pixel. Thus the streams are accessed inside the color_conv_image wrapper function. We then pass a line at a time to the color_conv component function which converts and flips one line at a time.

We will need to modify the code here, in color_conv to achieve your goals. The control surface will be a square block 100 by 100 pixels in the bottom left corner of the screen. The brightness will be calculated by summing all the R, G and B values of all the pixels in this portion of the screen. We then apply the tint effect as such:

  • if the total brightness is below a certain level 'X': use a red tint,
  • if the total brightness is above 'X' and below 'Y' : use a green tint,
  • if above 'Y' : use a blue tint

The tint has to be scaled too. For example, if brightness is less than X but close to it we need a high blue. But if it's closer to zero we need a darker blue and so on. The scaling need not be linear. In fact if you did the auto-contrast function you will have noticed that the floating point operations are expensive, they tend to slow the system. This is more so in the color case, as we have more data to scale. So try to use simple bit shifts to achieve the needed effect.

  • Right Shift : >>
  • Left Shift : <<
  • Masking : Use a single ampersand, so to extract the first red component: RGB[1] &amp; 0xF8

Tips and tricks

You're on your own now! But some things to remember and to watch out for are presented here, as well as ideas for improvement. Remember:

  • The input is two bytes per pixel. Keep the packed RGB format in mind.
  • Also we process one line at a time from top to bottom. We cannot go back to previous lines to change them. So we can only modify the tint of the screen below the control surface. What you could do however is keep global variables for the different scalings in main. Then pass these to color_conv by reference, and update it when converting colors. But perform the update after using the existing scale values to scale the screen region above the control surface. This will introduce a delay from scaling change to screen update. This can be solved by copying the entire input to memory before outputting it but this is quite expensive, and we'll deal with memory in the next section.
  • Be careful when performing masking, shifting and separting. Bring things down to least significant set of bits (within a byte) to simplify thinking of the scaling. Also be careful not to overlap masks, especially during shifting and adding

Here are a few recommendations:

  • Try to use the Y data passed to the color_con funtion to compute the brightness – much faster.
  • Also poke around and find out how to use the Cr, Cb data and scale those. It's far less expensive and may produce neater results.
  • If something doesn't work, think things through again. Or better still take a break and then come back to the problem.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ece 320 spring 2004. OpenStax CNX. Aug 24, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10225/1.12
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