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This module provides a practice of Hypothesis Testing of Single Mean and Single Proportion as a part of Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

Student learning outcomes

  • The student will conduct a hypothesis test of a single population proportion.


The National Institute of Mental Health published an article stating that in any one-year period, approximately 9.5 percent of American adults suffer from depression or a depressive illness. (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/depression.cfm) Suppose that in a survey of 100 people in a certain town, seven of them suffered from depression or a depressive illness. Conduct a hypothesis test to determine if the true proportion of people in that town suffering from depression or a depressive illness is lower than the percent in the general adult American population.

Hypothesis testing: single proportion

Is this a test of means or proportions?


State the null and alternative hypotheses.

  • H o : size 12{H rSub { size 8{O} } :} {}
  • H a : size 12{H rSub { size 8{a} } :} {}
  • H o : p = 0 . 095 size 12{H rSub { size 8{O} } :p=0 "." "095"} {}
  • H a : p < 0 . 095 size 12{H rSub { size 8{a} } :P<0 "." "095"} {}

Is this a right-tailed, left-tailed, or two-tailed test? How do you know?


What symbol represents the Random Variable for this test?

P '

In words, define the Random Variable for this test.

the proportion of people in that town surveyed suffering from depression or a depressive illness

Calculate the following:

  • x = size 12{x={}} {}
  • n = size 12{n={}} {}
  • p ' =

  • 7
  • 100
  • 0.07

Calculate σ p ' . Make sure to show how you set up the formula.


State the distribution to use for the hypothesis test.


Sketch a graph of the situation. Label the horizontal axis. Mark the hypothesized mean and the sample proportion, p-hat. Shade the area corresponding to the p-value.

Blank horizontal axis of P'.

Find the p-value


At a pre-conceived α = 0 . 05 size 12{α=0 "." "05"} {} , what is your:

  • Decision:
  • Reason for the decision:
  • Conclusion (write out in a complete sentence):

  • Do not reject the null hypothesis

Discusion question

Does it appear that the proportion of people in that town with depression or a depressive illness is lower than general adult American population? Why or why not?

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary statistics. OpenStax CNX. Dec 30, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10966/1.4
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