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This module discusses the system components at TI and helps seniors find the right system components for their senior project.

System components

The term “system components” covers a broad universe of semiconductor devices, ranging from the simply functional to the extremely complex. Given the variety in this class of components, there is one common denominator in that all of them provide solutions to specific problems. In this chapter, we will provide examples of three categories of components: integrated solutions, line drivers and basic functions.

In previous chapters, you learned how to use the device data sheet to evaluate performance and use conditions, so we will not provide a detailed technical discussion here.

Integrated solutions

Figure 1's depiction of a general system block diagram could probably represent your senior project as well. Previous chapters have described how to evaluate devices that make up such a general system: op amps for the creation of filters, control systems or input and output signal-conditioning systems, microcontrollers or DSPs that process data captured by the system, power-management solutions, wireless solutions, and interface options.

By necessity, most of the information in this book is based on basic circuit elements – an op amp, a low-dropout (LDO) regulator or a specific microcontroller – that represent the system building block under discussion. But what about real-world applications, which hopefully your senior projects are tackling? Since the invention of the integrated circuit by Jack Kilby in 1958, the semiconductor industry has continually integrated more and more into its products. From Bell Lab’s single transistor to Kilby’s integrated circuit, from Texas Instruments' single-chip DSP to today’s embedded system engines (powering smartphones, automobiles, washing machines and practically everything else), the inexorable technological march to more complex integrated solutions continues.

You might be asking yourself, “Why shouldn’t my senior project benefit from more complex solutions?” The question can also be reworded as, “What if I took advantage of application-specific solutions used by industry design teams?” The answer to both questions is that it depends. It depends on the application you are addressing and the maturity of the solution you are looking for. If a device you are interested in provides available samples on its www.ti.com page, the technology is mature enough for your senior project.

It also depends on your team’s ability to understand and manage the functionality so that it can be used properly in your system. You should also consider the trade-offs in time and effort to use an integrated solution. A simple example would be in power management. The "Power" chapter in this book introduces the various components for power management separately, yet the application of these elements to a real-world application can be complex.

Consider the challenge of creating a lithium-ion battery charger for your project. The physics of the Li-ion battery charging under load are complex and require a detailed solution. While the creation of such a charger would have once been a suitable senior project, the bq24040 is a single-input, single-cell Li-ion battery charger that provides the solution in a single device. The bq24040 charges the battery while it is powering a system load. The battery is charged in three phases: conditioning, constant current and constant voltage. Clearly, this is a sophisticated solution, which when used in your project frees team resources to address other basic elements.

Questions & Answers

explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
Ifeanyi
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
hi mam
Mark
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Senior project guide to texas instruments components. OpenStax CNX. Feb 12, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11449/1.3
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