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The State Design Pattern models objects that changes state, i.e. change behavior as a result of what has happened to them. This is also called "dynamic reclassification".

Objects are often discussed in terms of having a "state" that describes their exact conditions in a given time, based upon the values of their properties. The particular values of the properties affect the object's behavior. For instance, one can say that the exact behavior of an object's getColor() method is different if the "color" property of the given object is set to "blue" instead of "red" because getColor() returns a different value in the two situations.

Furthermore, the object may make decisions at run time as to exactly what to do dependent upon the values its properties possess. For instance, if the sky is blue (sky.setColor(Color.blue)) , then the sun should be visible.

public boolean sunIsVisible() { if(getColor()==Color.blue) {return true; }else { return false;} }

One issue with the above solution is that it is a hard-coded logic solution, not an architected solution. The sky does not intrinsically behave a certain way if it is blue, but rather it should figure out what to do in that situation.

Wouldn't it be better if the sky intrinsically acted properly if it were blue? One could imagine two objects: a SkyBlue and a SkyNonBlue . The SkyBlue class' sunIsVisible() method would always return true while the SkyNonBlue version would always return false.

What one needs now is the ability for a sky object to dynamically (i.e. at run time) change its class to/from SkyBlue and SkyNonBlue . What we'd like to accomplish is called " dynamic reclassification ".

We've seen code that does change its specific behavior depending on what particular strategy was installed. So, the setColor() method could install a strategy that would always return true if its sunIsVisible() method were to be called.

But does the user of the Sky class care about the stratregy?

Of course not. The user only cares that it does its job.

The state design pattern is a fully encapsulated, self-modifying strategy design pattern.

UML Class Diagram of the State Design Pattern

One design pattern that is used very often in conjunction with the state pattern is the Null Object Pattern .

Notice these things about the pattern:

  1. Any methods whose behaviors depend on the state of the object are simply delegated on in to the state, and handled there. Thus you will see the same methods in the context as in the states. Since the states are separate objects from the context, all the properties of the context need to have accessor methods that are at least package visible.
  2. The " Context " object needs to add a " set " accessor method so the states can modify which state is the active state. This method would be package visible so as to encapsulate the behavior away from the sight of the user.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Design patterns. OpenStax CNX. Jun 04, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10678/1.2
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