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Avoiding the quote problem

Because this is such a common problem, and because the escape solution is so ugly and difficult to read, Python gives us another way to deal withquotes inside of quotes. This solution, shown in Figure 6 , is the use of single and double quotes in combination.

Figure 6 . Avoiding the quote problem.
>>>print('Richard "Dick" Baldwin') Richard "Dick" Baldwin>>>

In Python, double quotes can be included directly in strings that are surrounded by single quotes, and single quotes can be included directly instrings that are surrounded by double quotes. This is much easier to read than the solution that requires you to place a lot of backslash characters insideyour string.

List of escape sequences

Escape sequences are a staple of modern computer programming and there is a lot of consistency from one language to the next. A list of the escape sequencesthat are honored by Python 3 is available in the Python Language Reference -- 2.4.1. String and Bytes literals .

More ways to span lines

Just when you thought that you had seen it all, I am going to show you three more ways (two new and one not so new) to span multiple lines with strings. One of them is shown in Figure 7 .

End the line with a backslash

Figure 7 . End the line with a backslash.
>>>print("Richard \ Baldwin")Richard Baldwin>>>

As shown in Figure 7 , the use of a backslash at the end of the line makes it possible to continue the string on anew line. However, the backslash is not included in the output, and there is no newline character in the output.

Not restricted to strings

The backslash can be used at the end of a line to cause that line to be continued on the next line whether inside a string or not. This isillustrated in the review module following this module.

A form of concatenation

When used in this way with a string, the backslash at the end of the line becomes a form of string concatenation. The portions of the strings on each ofthe input lines are concatenated to produce a single line containing both parts of the string in the output.

I will have more to say about string concatenation later in this module.

Use the \n escape sequence

This isn't really new, but it so important that I decided to repeat it here for emphasis. As shown in Figure 8 , the inclusion of "\n" inside the string caused the cursor to advance to a new line following my first name and printedmy last name on the new line.

Figure 8 . Use the \n escape sequence.
>>>print("Richard \nBaldwin") RichardBaldwin>>>

This is the common form of the newline escape sequence typically used in C, C++, and Java.

Combine backslash and \n

The code in Figure 9 shows how to combine the backslash at the end of the line with a newline character placedthere to cause the output to closely resemble the input.

Figure 9 . Combine backslash and \n.
>>>print("Richard \n\ Baldwin")Richard Baldwin>>>

String concatenation

To concatenate two strings means to hook them together end-to-end, thus producing a new string that is the combination of the two.

Literal string concatenation

You can cause literal strings to be concatenated just by writing one adjacent to the other as shown in Figure 10 .

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Itse 1359 introduction to scripting languages: python. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11713/1.32
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