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In a way, some authors, perhaps without trying, have contributed to some border characteristics and very diverse ideological slopes, but that come together in a very negative position against Islam and Islamic immigrants, which they visualize as non-integrated partners in the western democratic society. I am talking mainly about S. Huntington with his Clash of Civilizations (1997) and libel against the Mexican threat to the U.S. Helmut Schmidt, former president of Germany (2002) warned that Europeans must respect the cultural and religious identity of Islamic neighbors because of the 12 million European Muslims, 300 million surround us and there are 1.3 billion in the world; at the end of the century there will be as many Turks as French and Germans combined.

In this dialogue of Islam and Christianity, the church has many things to say and do. In Spain, the Catholic Church and the Islamic magnates have a long but necessary way to go, not only from the top of the hierarchy, but from the pastoral bases of the parishes and from the evangelists. An example is the combined action of the Episcopal Conferences of Mexico and the United States that have sent their respective governments a proposal to regulate the companies that offer the shipment of remittances that sometimes charge the immigrants up to a 20% for its services.

The unified utopia is possible: we are all brothers on a single earth

The immigration of the Third World to rich countries, and Hispano-Americans to Spain, will be a sign of identity in the 21 st century. The challenge of the next millennium is to look for the difficult, but necessary, balance between equality and solidarity, within the framework of a constitutional democracy.

When observing the diversity of others, and those who are different who arrive to our land, just as for centuries Europeans went to theirs, it is valuable to finalize this message with the Declaration of the Spanish Committee in the European Year Against the Racism, proclaimed in the Tricultural City of Toledo, on March 13, 1997:

The wealth of Spain and Europe, for centuries, fundamentally nourishes from the diversity of its traditions, cultures, ethnic groups, languages and religions, and of the certainty that the principles of tolerance and democratic coexistence are the best guarantees of the existence of Spanish and European society, open, pluricultural: diverse.

Spain by its historical tradition of coexistence between towns and cultures, by its possession of the Mediterranean, as well as by its ties with Ibero-America, can facilitate the establishment of multicultural models of relation with the immigrants.


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Bestard Comas, J. (2003). Globalización, Tercer Mundo y Solidaridad . Madrid: BAC.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1981). Los más pobres en el país más rico: clase, raza y etnia en el movimiento campesino chicano . Madrid: Encuentros.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1990). Los indios cunas: la lucha por la tierra y la identidad. Madrid: Ediciones Libertarias.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1990). Muchas Américas: Cultura, Sociedad y políticas en América Latina. Madrid: Editorial Universidad Complutense.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1990). El racismo que viene: otros pueblos y culturas vistos por profesores y alumnos. Madrid: Tecnos.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1990). ¿España racista?. Barcelona: Anthropos.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1993). El crimen racista de Aravaca. Crónica de una muerte anunciada. Madrid: Editorial Popular.

Calvo Buezas, T. (1995). Crece el racismo, también la solidaridad . Madrid: Tecnos.

Calvo Buezas, T. (2000). Inmigración y Racismo. Así sienten los jóvenes del siglo XXI. Madrid: Cauce Editorial.

Calvo Buezas, T. (2001). Inmigración y Universidad. Prejuicios racistas y valores solidarios. Madrid: Editorial Complutense.

Calvo Buezas, T. (2003). La escuela ante la inmigración y el racismo . Orientaciones de educación intercultural. Editorial Popular: Madrid.

Consejo de Europa . (2003). Informe de la Comisión Europea contra el Racismo, la Intolerancia y el Antisemitismo sobre el Racismo en España. Estrasburgo: Informe ECRI.

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Tomas Calvo-Buezas is a professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for the Studies on Migration and Racism, (CEMIRA), at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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