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The lack of a knowledge base in educational administration has created consternation for fifty years. Thedevelopment of ISLLC standards and subsequent dissemination through accreditation by NCATE quieted the knowledge base discussion butdid not displace the question of need or the importance of accessing knowledge within the field. As Creighton and Young (2005)stated, “The problem is not so much an absence of a KB, but morethat it is incomplete and unorganized, existing in a hodgepodge of textbooks and education journals, and of limited access. What isneeded now is the assembly of the KB in one central location, authored by and representative of all professors and practitioners(and other educators), and freely accessible in several languages to all in the world” (p. 136).


The preparation of school leaders has had a long history: a history entwined, unfortunately, with sharpcriticism. Over time, preparation programs have been called upon to answer this criticism and restructure in ways that capture morethan one perspective in program delivery. Three perspectives seem to have emerged from the historical background: Practical Knowledgefrom our earliest beginnings, Professional Knowledge as the field emerged, and Academic Knowledge reflective of universityscholarship demands in more recent time. These are all legitimate concerns and should be addressed in a curriculum that is adequatefor students by addressing general topics, but topics that have specific content substance. Even the standards movement isreflective of the need to integrate these three perspectives in our programs. We must become more proactive in improving our individualpreparation programs and responding to criticism. We are the professionals and the programs we deliver should reflect ourunderstanding of the knowledge base. We only have to have the will. Does our profession have the will?


Achilles, C. M. (2005). Drama in educational administration: A farce or a morality play?In T. Creighton, S.Harris,&J. C. Coleman (Eds.), Crediting the Past, Challenging the Present, Creating the Future (pp. 56-82). Huntsville, TX:National Council of Professors of Educational Administration.

Callahan, R. E. (1962). Education and the cult of efficiency. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Campbell, R. F. Fleming, T. Newell, L. J., Bennion, J. W. (1987). A history of thought and practice ineducational administration. New York: Teachers College Press.

Creighton, T.,&Young, M. (2005). Taking back our profession: Revisited. In T. Creighton, S. Harris,&J. C. Coleman (Eds.), Crediting the Past, Challenging the Present, Creating the Future (pp. 135-146) Huntsville, TX: National Councilof Professors of Educational Administration.

Cubberley, E. P. (1916). Public School Administration. Cambridge, MA: Riverside.

Cubberley, E. P. (1922). A brief history of education. Cambridge, MA: Riverside.

Culbertson, J. A. (1964). The preparation of administrators. In D. E. Griffiths (Ed.), Behavioral Science andEducational Administration (pp. 303-330). Chicago, IL: National Society for the Study of Education.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Organizational change in the field of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10402/1.2
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