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Professional knowledge is the accumulation of information an educational leader acquires, for example, abouteducation law, state and federal policies, school board procedures, state funding formulas, how to conduct teacher evaluations,handling discipline procedures for suspension, working with state department officials on revising the state testing program and thelike. Knowledge for doing one’s administrative job has become more complex under the weight of mandates, societal expectations, parentdemands, and student needs. Knowing the professional role, and having the professional knowledge to perform in that role, is thegateway into administration. It is the value added ability one brings to an educational position. It is the craft knowledge thatis acquired during one’s career and is not easily transferable.

Murphy (2005) described the post World War II orientation of educational administration toward the behavioralsciences as a “clamoring for more scientifically based underpinnings for the profession” (p. 157). This clamoring for amore scientific and academic program reinforced and established the third domain of the Theory of Educational AdministrationPreparation. The academic domain altered the profession of educational administration at the university level as professorsnot only established the academic domain as a critical component of the curriculum, but saw their own role, as a professor in theacademic community, shifting to emphasize research and scholarship as a professional expectation and requirement. Moore (1964)described the professor of educational administration as:

a new breed of leader in school administration. Typically, he is on the faculty of a multipurposeuniversity which prepares school administrators, he is a student of the behavioral sciences, and he is an interpreter of researchapplied to educational processes and institutions. (p. 23)

This is an apt description of a professor of educational administration in 1964 and in 2006.

These three domains, then, in very broad terms and over the course of the 20th century, influenced professionalpreparation through the development of a curriculum that reflected courses taught by professors oriented to one, some, or all of thesedomains. However, this predominantly umbrella orientation, or as Donmoyer (1999) described it—the big tent—did not provide anadequate depth to inform the profession about what educational leaders should know and be able to do.

The lack of a recognized knowledge base spanning all three areas troubled both professors andpractitioners. A perceived and actual dearth of information about critical knowledge in each domain led to what became the 50 yeardialog about the lack of a knowledge base and the weak underpinnings for standards by which to guide programs preparingprincipals and superintendents. The standards problem has a history going back to 1950 when the Cooperative Program in EducationalAdministration (CPEA) was formed. During its existence between 1950 and 1960, CPEA struggled for a purpose as UCEA and NCPEA emerged asthe primary professional organizations in the field. However, one can trace early conversations about improving administratortraining programs to this short lived organization.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Organizational change in the field of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10402/1.2
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