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Professional knowledge is the accumulation of information an educational leader acquires, for example, abouteducation law, state and federal policies, school board procedures, state funding formulas, how to conduct teacher evaluations,handling discipline procedures for suspension, working with state department officials on revising the state testing program and thelike. Knowledge for doing one’s administrative job has become more complex under the weight of mandates, societal expectations, parentdemands, and student needs. Knowing the professional role, and having the professional knowledge to perform in that role, is thegateway into administration. It is the value added ability one brings to an educational position. It is the craft knowledge thatis acquired during one’s career and is not easily transferable.

Murphy (2005) described the post World War II orientation of educational administration toward the behavioralsciences as a “clamoring for more scientifically based underpinnings for the profession” (p. 157). This clamoring for amore scientific and academic program reinforced and established the third domain of the Theory of Educational AdministrationPreparation. The academic domain altered the profession of educational administration at the university level as professorsnot only established the academic domain as a critical component of the curriculum, but saw their own role, as a professor in theacademic community, shifting to emphasize research and scholarship as a professional expectation and requirement. Moore (1964)described the professor of educational administration as:

a new breed of leader in school administration. Typically, he is on the faculty of a multipurposeuniversity which prepares school administrators, he is a student of the behavioral sciences, and he is an interpreter of researchapplied to educational processes and institutions. (p. 23)

This is an apt description of a professor of educational administration in 1964 and in 2006.

These three domains, then, in very broad terms and over the course of the 20th century, influenced professionalpreparation through the development of a curriculum that reflected courses taught by professors oriented to one, some, or all of thesedomains. However, this predominantly umbrella orientation, or as Donmoyer (1999) described it—the big tent—did not provide anadequate depth to inform the profession about what educational leaders should know and be able to do.

The lack of a recognized knowledge base spanning all three areas troubled both professors andpractitioners. A perceived and actual dearth of information about critical knowledge in each domain led to what became the 50 yeardialog about the lack of a knowledge base and the weak underpinnings for standards by which to guide programs preparingprincipals and superintendents. The standards problem has a history going back to 1950 when the Cooperative Program in EducationalAdministration (CPEA) was formed. During its existence between 1950 and 1960, CPEA struggled for a purpose as UCEA and NCPEA emerged asthe primary professional organizations in the field. However, one can trace early conversations about improving administratortraining programs to this short lived organization.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Organizational change in the field of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10402/1.2
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