# 1.3 Game 2302-0110: updating the game math library for graphics  (Page 2/20)

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## General background information

So far, we have been dealing with column matrices, points, vectors, and lines. (We will get to other topics in future modules.)

What is a point?

According to Kjell, a point is simply a location in space. It has no width, depth, or height. Therefore, it cannot be seen by the human eye,which means that we can't draw a point on the computer screen. However, it is possible to draw an object on the computer screen that indicates the locationof the point.

What do I mean by this?

Suppose you go out onto your driveway and establish that one corner of the driveway represents the origin in a rectangular Cartesian coordinate framework. Then you usemeasuring devices to identify a specific location on the driveway. You can point to that location with your finger, and others can see your finger, butthey can't see the point. Once again, the point has no width, height, or depth, and therefore cannot be seen by the human eye.

Mark the point

What you can do, however, is to take a piece of chalk and draw a small circle around your finger. Then others can see the mark that you have drawn as anestimate of the location of the point. It is very important however to remember that the chalk mark is not the point. It is simply a visualobject that indicates the location of the point to some degree of accuracy. The actual location of the point is a piece of underlying data . The chalk mark is a graphic object that you have invented to represent thatunderlying data in a visual way to a human observer.

Program output

Both of the sample programs that I will explain in this module will produce the same graphic screen output, which is shown in Figure 1 .

Figure 1 Screen output from both sample programs.

The left image in Figure 1 contains seven small circles. Each of those seven circles marks the location of a point in the 2D space of the image.However, those circles are not the points. The seven points consist solely of coordinate values and are not visible to the human eye. The sevencircles are graphics objects that were placed there to mark the locations in space of the seven points. The points existed in the 2D space before thegraphics objects were created, and would have existed even if I had not caused the circles to be drawn to mark the locations of the points.

What is a line segment?

This can be even more confusing. Kjell tells us that a line segment is the straight path between two points, and that it has no thickness. Sinceit has no thickness, a line cannot be seen by the human eye.

The left image in Figure 1 contains six graphic objects that we are likely to call lines or line segments. True enough, those graphic objects markthe path taken by the lines that represent straight paths between the pairs of points whose locations are indicated by the circles. However,those graphic objects are not lines in the context of this discussion. Rather, they are simply graphic objects that were used to mark the paths ofthe lines in a visual way for the benefit of a human observer.

what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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